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Cape Town: the oldest city in South Africa

Cape Town, the provincial capital of the Western Cape, is the third most populous city in South Africa (2,900,000 inhabitants), as well as the legislative capital of South Africa, where the National Parliament is located.

It was founded from the Dutch in 1652 and is considered for its position one of the most beautiful cities of the world, the city in fact is located in a spectacular natural scenic landscape, along the sea around the famous Table Mountain and at the beginnig of the peninsula of the Cape of Good Hope.

Tourism represents one of the pulling ahead fields of the economy of the city, together to the manifacturing field. The city is home to the National Parliament and, therefore, is the legislative capital of South Africa.

Cape Town, South Africa. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Cape Town, South Africa. Author Marco Ramerini

TOURIST ATTRACTIONS: WHAT TO VISIT IN CAPE TOWN

Cape Town (Kaapstad), the oldest city in South Africa, was founded in 1652 by a Dutch expedition under the command of Jan van Riebeeck. The fleet, composed of five ships had been sent by the powerful Dutch East India Company (VOC, Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie) in order to establish a permanent settlement near the Cape of Good Hope in order to supply ships along the route that led from Europe to the East. The first building was a little wooden fort, replaced in 1666 by a more robust strong stone fort called Cape Town: Castle of Good Hope (Kasteel van Goede Hoop).

Around the fort, still existing, developed Cape Town, which is now the third largest city population of South Africa and the capital of the province of the Western Cape and also the legislative capital of South Africa, home of the South African parliament. The city is famous for being inserted in a beautiful and impressive natural landscape, which makes it one of the most beautiful cities in the world, it is located on the peninsula of Cape of Good Hope, along a large bay dominated by the famous Table Mountain, which is over 1000 meters high.

Penguins at Foxy Beach, Boulders Beach, Cape Town, South Africa. Autore e Copyright Marco Ramerini

Penguins at Foxy Beach, Boulders Beach, Cape Town, South Africa. Autore Ramerini

Cape Town is the most popular tourist destination in South Africa, thanks to the numerous natural attractions such as the Table Mountain; the Peninsula of Cape of Good Hope with Cape Point; the famous scenic road Chapman’s Peak Drive; the many beautiful beaches as Boulders Beach near Simon’s Town where it is possible to admire a colony of penguins; the magnificent botanical gardens of Kirstenbosch.

Among the historical attractions not to miss the ancient Dutch Fort; the sadly famous Robben Island where Nelson Mandela was imprisoned during the years of imprisonment; very interesting are the Dutch-style architectures (Cape Dutch) of many houses in the city center; the characteristic Malaysian Bo-Kaap district; the Victoria & Alfred Waterfront is the most popular shopping center, wisely inserted in the old city port, where there is also the Two Oceans Aquarium.

This post is also available in: German

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