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The climate of Algeria: when to go to Algeria

The climate of Algeria varies considerably from north to south. The coastal area has a Mediterranean climate, while the highlands south of the coast have hot summers and cold winters with little rain. In large parts of the country there are significant changes between daytime and nighttime temperatures. Further south, the Sahara desert begins with even more extreme differences in temperatures between day and night.

THE CLIMATE OF THE NORTH OF ALGERIA

The north of Algeria has a temperate climate, which varies at the altitude. The coast has a pleasant Mediterranean climate, with hot and dry summers and mild and rainy winters. With average maximum winter temperatures of 15 ° C and average minimum winter temperatures of 9 ° C, while in summer the average maximum temperatures are 28 ° C and the average minimum temperatures of 21 ° C.

The rains are quite abundant. They vary according to the areas between 1.000 mm in the eastern areas (Grande Kabylia, Piccola Kabylia and Djebel Edough) and 400 mm in the western areas (Piana di Chelif, Aurès and Amour mountains).

In the spring months, particularly in April, a warm wind sometimes blows from the desert, the sirocco that transports large quantities of sand from the desert, causing intense sand storms and a sharp rise in temperature.

ALGERS (25 meters)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 5,5 16,7 81,4  11,4
February 5,9 17,4 72,7  10,6
March 7,1 19,3 55,0  9,7
April 8,8 20,9 58,4  9,1
May 12,3 23,9 41,9  7,3
June 16,1 28,2 8,5  2,5
July 18,9 31,2 4,5  1,5
August 19,8 32,2 8,2  2,5
September 17,6 29,6 28,3  5,3
October 14,2 25,2 58,8  8,6
November 9,8 20,8 89,6  11,1
December 7,2 17,9 91,0  12,1
YEAR 11,9 23,7 598,3  91,7
ALGERS
Month Sea Water Temperature °C
January 15
February 15
March 15
April 16
May 18
June 21
July 24
August 26
September 25
October 22
November 19
December 17

THE CLIMATE OF THE NORTHERN MOUNTAIN AREA

The northern inland mountainous area has a harsher climate with average maximum winter temperatures of 16 ° C and average minimum winter temperatures of -2 ° C, on the highest peaks it can sometimes snow. While in summer the maximum average temperatures are 38 ° C and the average minimum temperatures are 10 ° C. The rains have averages between 400 mm and 100 mm per year, and occur mostly between September and December.

BISKRA (87 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 6,9 16,7 17,4  3,7
February 8,6 19,1 10,2  3,2
March 11,4 22,6 13,6  3,5
April 14,6 26,1 13,1  3,3
May 19,4 31,3 11,1  2,8
June 24,3 37,0 5,1  2,3
July 27,4 40,2 1,7  0,6
August 27,3 39,6 5,7  1,6
September 23,2 34,3 10,4  3,2
October 17,9 28,3 11,3  3,8
November 12,1 21,6 20,1  3,8
December 8,1 17,5 9,1  3,7
YEAR 16,8 27,9 128,8  35,5

THE CLIMATE OF THE SAHARA OF ALGERIA

In the immense desert area of the Algerian Sahara, the climate is extremely arid, with both seasonal and very strong daily temperature excursions. The nights often register temperatures below zero, and sometimes reach -10 ° C. While the maximum temperatures sometimes exceed 47 ° C. Finally, there are significant differences in temperature between day and night.

BECHAR (747 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 3,5 15,9 9,0  2,4
February 6,0 18,8 8,5  2,4
March 9,8 22,4 8,8  2,4
April 13,7 26,2 7,5  1,9
May 18,3 30,6 5,3  2,0
June 23,5 36,5 5,0  1,6
July 26,9 40,1 0,7  0,8
August 26,5 39,2 2,0  1,4
September 21,9 34,2 7,4  3,2
October 15,6 27,5 10,6  3,2
November 9,2 20,9 13,6  2,4
December 4,8 17,0 8,2  2,1
YEAR 15,0 27,4 86,6  25,8
TAMANRASSET (1320 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 5,2 20,1 2,4  0,6
February 6,9 22,1 1,5  0,7
March 10,9 25,4 5,2  1,1
April 15,3 30,1 2,1  0,8
May 19,7 33,6 5,1  1,5
June 22,8 35,4 7,1  2,8
July 23,1 35,3 5,1  1,6
August 22,6 34,7 8,1  2,9
September 21,1 33,2 7,7  2,8
October 16,4 29,5 6,8  1,5
November 10,4 24,7 0,8  0,4
December 6,4 21,3 1,7  0,6
YEAR 15,1 28,8 53,6  17,3

WHEN TO GO TO ALGERIA

The best time to visit Algeria are the months of March and those between October and November, when the days are cool and sunny. Even mid-winter can be a good time, even if the desert night temperatures are extremely low.

This post is also available in: German

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