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Cotopaxi Volcano, Ecuador. Autor Lion Hirth. No Copyright
Cotopaxi volcano, Ecuador. Autor Lion Hirth

Ecuador climate: when to go to Ecuador

Despite being a small country, Ecuador has a considerable difference in climate, this is caused mainly by different altitude of the climatic zones of the country.

The coast along the Pacific Ocean has a warm and humid tropical climate with a season of very intense rains between December and May. Average temperatures are around 23°C-26°C throughout the year. Going towards the south the climate is more arid, while to the north have about 2,500-3,000 mm of rainfall annually, in the far southern coast the average annual precipitation is below 300 mm.

Climate of the high lands of the Andes is temperate and relatively dry, the dry season is between June and September, while the rainy season is between January and May, the average annual rainfall remain between 500 and 1,500 mm.

Isla Bartolomé, Galápagos, Ecuador. Autor Pete. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike

Isla Bartolomé, Galápagos, Ecuador. Autor Pete

The average annual temperature varies between 13°C and 16°C, is the enormous the difference in temperature between day and night and equally important is the change in temperature and precipitation in relation to altitude, between 400 and 1800 meters high average temperatures vary between 20°C and 25°C with important and heavy rains, between 1,800 and 2,000 meters high average temperatures vary between 15°C and 20°C with moderate rains, between 2,000 and 3,200 meters high average temperatures vary between 10°C and 15°C with moderate rainfall around 1,000 mm per year, over 3200 meters, average temperatures drop further reaching negative values.

The Amazon basin has a hot and humid climate typical of equatorial forests, with rainfall throughout the year, the months between September and December are the most dry, while July and August the most rainy. In certain areas rain exceed 5,000 mm a year. Average temperatures stand between 25°C and 28°C.

Finally, the Galapagos Islands have a dry climate with average temperatures between 17°C and 25°C throughout the year, the rainy months are those between January and April. The average annual rainfall is 350 mm of rain along the coasts of the islands, while inland mountainous reaches the average, in some areas, of 2,000 mm annually.

WHEN TO GO TO ECUADOR

The best season to visit the Andean highlands of Ecuador is the dry season between June and September.

Climate of Quito.

Climate of Guayaquil.

Climate of Galapagos.

ECUADOR CLIMATIC TABLES

QUITO (2850 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 9,8 21,2 82,5  10
February 10,1 21,0 111,0  11
March 10,1 20,8 146,6  15
April 10,2 20,9 171,2  15
May 10,1 21,0 105,5  13
June 9,8 21,1 39,5  7
July 9,4 21,5 21,5  5
August 9,6 22,2 27,7  5
September 9,4 22,3 68,9  11
October 9,5 21,8 114,9  14
November 9,6 21,3 108,5  11
December 9,7 21,3 100,4  11
YEAR 9,8 21,4 1098,2  128

GUAYAQUIL (4 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 23,0 31,2 200,7  12
February 23,4 31,2 332,0  14
March 23,7 32,2 315,7  15
April 23,5 32,0 207,7  10
May 22,6 31,2 62,6  4
June 21,5 29,8 34,0  1
July 20,8 29,1 15,6  0
August 20,7 29,7 1,2  0
September 20,5 30,5 1,5  0
October 20,9 30,2 5,6  1
November 21,3 31,1 29,1  0
December 22,4 31,8 68  2
YEAR 22,0 30,8 1263,2  59

SANTA CRUZ ISLAND (GALAPAGOS)
Month Sea Water Temperature °C
January 24
February 26
March 27
April 26
May 24
June 23
July 22
August 21
September 21
October 21
November 22
December 23

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