The climate of Bogotá is greatly influenced by the altitude at which the city is located. Bogotá is in fact located at about 2,640 meters above sea level on an Andean plateau – the Altiplano Cundiboyacense – and its climate is of the sub-tropical type of altitude. Bogotá’s climate is characterized by almost constant mild temperatures throughout the year with minimal seasonal differences.
The average annual temperature is 14.4 ° C. The maximum average temperatures are stable in every month of the year between 18 ° C and 20 ° C, the annual average is 19.6 ° C. The coldest month is July with 18.6 ° C while the hottest is February with 20.3 ° C. Even the minimum average temperatures vary little, the annual average is 9 ° C. In this case the hottest months are April and May with a minimum average temperature of 9.7 ° C, while the coldest month is January with a minimum average temperature of 7.6 ° C.
TWO DRY SEASONS AND TWO RAIN SEASONS
The seasons differ based solely on the amount of precipitation that falls. The region of Bogotá in a year has two dry seasons and two rainy seasons. The rainy seasons correspond to the months between March and May and those of October and November. The dry seasons correspond to the months of December, January and February and to the months between June and September. The average annual rainfall in Bogotá is just over 1,000 mm. The rainiest months are those of October, April, May and November. The driest months are July, August, and January. Bogotá has an average of 181 rainy days per year. Monthly rainy days vary between 21 rainy days in October and 9 days of rain in January.
The fog is a very common event and it is present on average for 220 days a year. Due to the constant presence of the fog are only 1,328 the hours of sunshine per year. The humidity level is stable throughout the year, in fact it varies between 77% and 74%. The fall of hail is a rare phenomenon that occurs on average three times a year.
WHEN TO GO TO BOGOTÁ
Due to the stable and rather mild temperatures, any time of year can be good to visit Bogotá. The best time for a trip to Bogotá, however, is that of the two dry seasons: the first between December and February, and the second between June and September.
THE CLIMATE OF BOGOTÁ: CLIMATE TABLES
|BOGOTÁ (2640 meters)|
|Month||Average low (°C)||Average high (°C)||Precip. (mm)||Precip. days|