San Francisco is probably the most beautiful city in the United States of America, located in California, on a peninsula at the entrance of the great San Francisco Bay, along the Pacific Ocean, the city is characterized by modern skyscrapers flanked by many Victorian-style buildings, famous are the bridges that cross the Bay of San Francisco, including the famous Golden Gate Bridge, built in 1937. The City of San Francisco has about 780,000 inhabitants, but the metropolitan area of the Bay has more than 7,000,000 inhabitants, the city is also home to one of the largest Chinese communities in America, who live partly in the famous chinatown.
San Francisco was founded by the Spanish in 1776 as a military garrison, to which was added a mission established by the Franciscans. In 1821 with the independence of Mexico from Spain, the city became part of the Mexican state which remained tied until 1846, when was occupied by American troops. In 1848 San Francisco officially became part of the United States of America. In 1906 the city was almost completely destroyed by a devastating earthquake.
SAN FRANCISCO TOURIST ATTRACTIONS: WHAT TO SEE IN SAN FRANCISCO
San Francisco is located on the California coast at the end of the San Francisco Peninsula, a spectacular peninsula surrounded on three sides by the sea. The area was discovered in 1769 by a group of Spanish explorers, led by Don Gaspar de Portolà. Seven years later, in 1776, the Spanish established a fort at the Golden Gate, and then a mission, Mission San Francisco de Asís (Mission Dolores).
San Francisco is considered one of the most beautiful cities in the United States, the bay where is situated the city is spectacular. The historic center of San Francisco is bordered by Market Street to the south, in the center is the Financial District, Union Square, the main shopping and hotel, Fisherman’s Wharf, Russian Hill, Lombard Street, North Beach, near there is also the Chinatown of San Francisco.
The main tourist attractions of the city of San Francisco are: the Golden Gate Bridge, Alcatraz Island (once a famous prison), Pier 39 on Fisherman’s Wharf (a tourist area with shops, arcades, seafood restaurants, cafés, and a colony of sea lions), Lombard Street, the cable cars of San Francisco. Other interesting attractions are Hakone Japanese Tea Garden, located in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park, and Chinatown, home to the largest Chinese community outside Asia.
In San Francisco, there are also several interesting museums with valuable and famous art collections such as the Museum of the City of San Francisco (on the history of San Francisco), the Museum of Modern Art (art of the twentieth century and contemporary art), the Palace of the Legion of Honor (European arts), the De Young Museum and the Asian art Museum (anthropological museum and non-European art), the Palace of Fine Arts (museum of science: the Exploratorium), the California Academy of Sciences (Natural History Museum with the Morrison Planetarium and Steinhart Aquarium).
SAN FRANCISCO FLIGHT INFORMATION
The city is served by the San Francisco International Airport (SFO), which is located 21 km south from the city center. The airport has flights to many destinations in America, Europe, Asia, and Oceania. The international airport of San Francisco is the 10th largest airport in the United States and the 20th in the world in terms of passengers (41,035,642 passengers in 2011). The airport has 4 terminals, the domestic terminals (U.S. and Canada) are Terminals 1, 2, and 3, while Terminal 4 is reserved for international flights.
In the Bay Area there are two other international airports: Oakland International Airport (OAK) and San Jose International Airport (SJC).