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The climate of Syria: when to go to Syria ?

The climate in Syria is dry and hot in summer and cold in winter. The coast and the western mountains have a Mediterranean climate characterized by two seasons, the hot and dry summer between May and October and the relatively cool and wet season between November and April.

Coastal areas and the western mountains receive annually between 750 mm and 1,000 mm of rain. Along the coast the average maximum temperature in July is 29°C-31°C, while the average minimum temperatures of January are around 10°C.

The interior of the country has an arid and dry climate, very hot in summer and cold in winter. The average annual rainfall in these areas varies between 250 mm and 100 mm, the capital Damascus receives an average of 220 mm of rain a year.

The average maximum summer temperatures in inland areas vary between 33°C and 40°C, with peaks that sometimes exceed 45°C, while the average minimum winter temperatures are around 0°C. Within months of beginning and end of the summer sometimes blows from the Arabian desert Khamsin, a warm wind, like the sirocco, dry and full of sand, with this wind in a few hours the temperature can rise too of 10-15°C, usually Khamsin ceases to blow after a day or two.


The best months for a travel to Syria are the spring months between March and May and the autumn months between September and November, when temperatures are pleasant and often has fine weather.


DAMASCO (680 meters)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days (snowy days)
January 0,7 12,6 25  8 (1)
February 1,9 14,5 26  8 (1)
March 4,3 19,0 20  6 (0,1)
April 7,9 24,7 7  3
May 11,4 30,1 4  2
June 15,0 34,6 1  0,1
July 17,9 37,0 0  0,1
August 17,7 36,8 0  0,1
September 14,4 33,9 0,3  0,2
October 10,3 28,1 6  3
November 4,8 20,1 21  5
December 1,7 14,3 21  7 (0,2)
YEAR 9,0 25,5 131,3  42,5 (2,3)

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