Algeria is a vast and beautiful country, one of the most interesting to visit of Mediterranean Africa. The capital Algiers has an interesting old town and some fine museums. Oran, the country’s second city retains many traces of Spanish rule. The region of Kabylia is one of the most picturesque in the country with landscapes formed by hills, canyons, forests and olive groves. In northern Algeria are fascinating ruins of Roman cities such as those of Timgad, Djémila, Lambese, Tiddis, Tipasa, Caesarea (Cherchell) and Tébessa. Among the natural beauty of northern Algeria the gorges El Kantara, called “the door of the Desert” and the oasis of Biskra and El Oued.
To the south of the coast and the mountains lies the Sahara desert with sand dunes of the Grand Erg Oriental, where there are interesting destinations such as the city of Ghardaia with its landscapes and the nearby Mzab Valley with its 5 fortified cities (ksours) built in the tenth century by Ibadites. Further south are the jewels of the desert as the oasis of Djanet and the Tassili N’Ajjer with its mountains and bizarre rock formations and its fascinating rock inscriptions.
UNESCO has inscribed 7 Algerian sites in the World Heritage List: Al Qal’a of Beni Hammad (1980), Djémila (1982), M’Zab Valley (1982), Tassili n’Ajjer (1982), Timgad (1982), Tipasa (1982), and the Kasbah of Algiers (1992).
Al Qal’a of Beni Hammad are the remains of a beautiful Muslim stronghold, located in a exceptional mountainous setting, which was the seat of government of the emirs Hammadid between the tenth century and the eleventh century. The city is in a mountainous site of extraordinary beauty.
Timgad, located on the Aures mountains is a Roman city built under Trajan around 100 AD. Timgad is an excellent example of Roman military urban planning.
Djémila or Cuicul is one of the most beautiful Roman cities of Algeria, is located approximately 900 metres above sea level and retains many buildings of the imperial era. The city is an interesting example of Roman city adapted to a mountain area. The ruins of the city still have his Forum, temples, basilicas, triumphal arches and houses.
The Mzab Valley, is home to five fortified towns (Ksours) built in the tenth century by Ibadites. The cities are characterized by a functional architecture and is perfectly adapted to its surroundings. These architectural solutions are a source of inspiration for today’s urban design.
Tassili N’Ajjer, is the most famous prehistoric site of Algeria, there are thousands of rock paintings and engravings works of the inhabitants of the Sahara in the past millennia. These petroglyphs describe the climatic changes that have altered the Sahara over the past millennia. There you will see scenes of migration of animals and the evolution of human life. The Tassili N’Ajjer is characterized by a fascinating lunar landscape of great geological interest.
Tipasa, is a city founded by the Carthaginians along the Algerian coast, this city became important to the Roman conquest of the area, Tipasa was in fact turned into a strategic base for the Roman conquest of the kingdoms of Mauritania. The ruins of the city are formed from the remains of the Phoenician, Roman, Byzantine and early Christian era, but there are also indigenous monuments such as the Kbor er Roumi and the great royal mausoleum of Mauritania.
Kasbah of Algiers, is a Arab citadel, a rare example of Islamic urbanism. It is located in one of the best coastal sites in the Mediterranean, overlooking the islands where the Carthaginians, in the fourth century BC. established a trading outpost. There are the remains of the citadel, old mosques and Ottoman-style palaces.