Located in the province of Gauteng, between the mountain ranges of the north-eastern part of the country, at an altitude of 1,214 meters above sea level and just 50 km from Johannesburg, Pretoria is located in the transition area between the tropical savannah (Bushveld) and the Highveld. The city was founded in 1855 by Marthinus Pretorius, a leader of the Boers, who named Pretoria in honor of his father Andries Pretorius.
Pretoria is one of the three capitals of South Africa, this is the home of executive and administrative power (Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontein the judicial), the city is one of the most populous of South Africa, the metropolitan area reaches 2,000,000 inhabitants. The city has a regular plan made by streets intersecting at right angles, the center of the city is formed by the large rectangular square of Church Square in the city center there are numerous government buildings. Pretoria is a city full of greenery and gardens.
Among the most significant places of the city is the Voortrekkers Memory and the home of Paul Kruger in addition to several museums , including the Transvaal Museum (Ditsong National Museum of Natural History) devoted to natural history, and the Ditsong National Museum of Cultural History dedicated the prehistory of South Africa.
Pretoria has its own airport the Lanseria International Airport located 35 km south – west of the city, but few are flights that serve him. Pretoria is served primarily by Johannesburg International Airport (O. R. Tambo International) which is located just 45 kilometers south of the center of Pretoria.
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