Italy is a peninsula surrounded by seas, thanks to the influence of the sea much of the Italian territory enjoys a Mediterranean climate, the Alps serve as a wall that blocks some of the influences coming from the cold north of Europe, but despite this the geography Italy means that there are various microclimates, often originated by the distance from the sea and altitude.
What makes so different the Italian climate is the conformation of the Italian peninsula – which includes almost every type of landscape – combined with the shape of the Italian territory long, narrow, stretching between Europe and Africa, and surrounded by the sea on three sides. In the Alpine region the climate is temperate cold as typical of northern Europe. The Alps have a mountain climate, very cold in winter and with frequent snowfalls, while the summers are cool but often rainy. In the highest mountains in the Alps at altitudes above 3,000 meters, the climate becomes similar to that of the tundra.
In the lowlands of the Po Valley, in the Apennines and along the Adriatic coast until the Molise the weather becomes humid temperate, hard in the winter and very hot in summer. In the Po Valley, the climate is hot in summer and cold in winter with frequent fog. In the chain of the Apennines the climate is similar to the alpine although mitigated by lower altitude.
Along the coast the climate is typical Mediterranean, with hot, dry summers and mild winters, rainfall is usually higher in autumn. Along the Tyrrhenian coast of Liguria, Tuscany, Lazio and Campania, the climate is typically Mediterranean with mild winters, hot and dry summers and with rainfall concentrated mainly in autumn and spring. The south of Italy is characterized by a Mediterranean climate with hot and dry summers, in some parts of Sicily and Sardinia, the climate is similar to that of desert or sub-tropical.
WHEN TO GO TO ITALY
Due to climatic differences between the various parts of the country every month of the year can have a good Italian destination to be visited. For those visiting the seaside, the months between June and September are the best, those who want to devote to mountain sports in the Alps and Apennines find good the months between December and March. To visit the great art cities of the country are excellent the months between March and June, as well as those of September and October. In general, the period from March to October is the one with better weather and warmer temperatures over the peninsula, in the extreme southern regions even winter can be pleasant.
The best time to visit Italy, however, is between April and June, when the weather and temperatures are mild all over the country, this time the countryside in bloom adds fantastic scenarios, so that you can visit the city and enjoy the mild climate at the same time.