The Yellowstone National Park has many attractions to visit, most related to the volcanic nature of the park, there are in fact geysers, limestone terraces, boiling pools, but also herds of bison, bears, forests, canyons and waterfalls.
Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone River, Upper and Lower Falls
The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone is a large canyon formed by the Yellowstone River.
The canyon has a deep of 275 meters and is wide 0.8 km, and long about 32 km, between the Upper Falls and the area of the Tower Fall.
The canyon is now a very recent geologic feature, because it was formed between 10,000 and 14,000 years ago, its formation is due to erosion, the colors of the canyon were created by hot water that acted on the volcanic rock.
The Upper Falls are 33 meters high, while the Lower Falls are 94 meters high. The Upper Falls are upstream of the Lower Falls, and this is the origin of their name, these falls can be seen from the abyss of Upper Falls Trail and from the Uncle Tom’s Trail.
The Lower Falls can be seen from Lookout Point, Red Rock Point, Artist Point, Brink of the Lower Falls Trail, and from various points on the South Rim Trail.
The Hayden Valley is one of the best places in the park to see a large variety of wildlife. Great herds of bison can be seen in spring, early summer, and during the autumn, usually starting in late July and early August. This valley is also a great place to try to see grizzly bears, particularly in spring and early summer when they try to capture newborn bison and elk.
Old Faithful Geyser
Old Faithful is the most popular attraction of Yellowstone National Park. This is not the largest geyser, but it’s famous because it erupts more frequently than other large geysers. Eruptions at Old Faithful last from 1 to 5 minutes, and sprays water and steam up to 56 m. vertically. The average interval of Old Faithful was every 80 minutes.
Norris Geyser Basin
Norris Geyser Basin is the hottest and most changeable thermal area in Yellowstone. It’s located near the northwest edge of Yellowstone Caldera near Norris Junction. The waters of Norris are acidic, this allows a different class of bacterial thermophiles to live at Norris, creating different color patterns in and around the Norris Basin waters. The features in the basin change daily, with frequent disturbances from seismic activity and water fluctuations. The basin consists of three areas: Porcelain Basin, Back Basin, and One Hundred Springs Plain.
Midway Geyser Basin
The Midway Geyser Basin is one of the smaller basins in Yellowstone that are located along the Firehole River, but this basin has two interesting attractions to visit: the Excelsior Geyser and the Grand Prismatic Spring. The most beautiful is undoubtedly the Grand Prismatic Spring, which is the largest Yellowstone hot spring and third largest in the world.
The spring is famous for its beautiful colors ranging from blue, green, yellow, orange, gold, red and brown. These water colors are due to the presence of bacteria that grow around the edges of water rich in minerals. Note, however, that the most vivid colors are only visible during the spring. In summer, the predominant colors tend to be orange and red, while in winter the color that dominates is the dark green.
Mammoth Hot Springs
The terraces of Mammoth Hot Springs are the result of the forces of heat and water on the limestone, through a system of fractures in the rock through which hot water can reach the surface. The hot water is the creative force of the terraces. Another ingredient necessary for the growth of the terraces is the calcium carbonate mineral. The Mammoth Hot Springs are constantly evolving, they are divided into two sections, the lower terraces, and the upper terrace. The terraces extend along the entire path from the hill, across the Parade Ground, and down to Boiling River.