Yellowstone National Park has many attractions to visit, most of which are related to the volcanic nature of the park’s territory. In fact, there are geysers, limestone terraces, boiling pools, but also herds of bison, bears, forests, canyons and waterfalls.
GRAND CANYON OF YELLOWSTONE RIVER, UPPER AND LOWER FALLS
The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone is a large canyon formed by the Yellowstone River.
The canyon has a deep of 275 meters and is wide 0.8 km, and long about 32 km, between the Upper Falls and the area of the Tower Fall.
The canyon is now a very recent geologic feature, because it was formed between 10,000 and 14,000 years ago, its formation is due to erosion, the colors of the canyon were created by hot water that acted on the volcanic rock.
The Upper Falls are 33 meters high, while the Lower Falls are 94 meters high. The Upper Falls are located upstream of the Lower Falls, and their name originates from here. These waterfalls can be seen from the chasm of the Upper Falls Trail and from the Uncle Tom’s Trail.
The Lower Falls can be seen from Lookout Point, Red Rock Point, Artist Point, Brink of the Lower Falls Trail, and from various points on the South Rim Trail.
The Hayden Valley is one of the best places in the park to see a large variety of wildlife. Great herds of bison can be seen in spring, early summer, and during the autumn, usually starting in late July and early August. This valley is also a great place to try to see grizzly bears, particularly in spring and early summer when they try to capture newborn bison and elk.
OLD FAITHFUL GEYSER
The Old Faithful geyser is one of Yellowstone tourist attractions. This isn’t the largest geyser in the park, but it’s famous because it erupts more often than other larger geysers. Old Faithful eruptions last from 1 to 5 minutes. The geyser sprays water and steam vertically up to heights of 56 meters. The average interval between Old Faithful eruptions is around 80 minutes.
NORRIS GEYSER BASIN
The Norris Geyser Basin is the warmest and most changing area of the Yellowstone spa areas. It is located near the northwestern edge of the Yellowstone caldera near the Norris junction (Norris Junction).
The waters of the Norris basin are acidic, this allows a different class of thermophilic bacteria to live in Norris, they create areas of different color in and around the waters of the Norris basin. The characteristics of the basin change daily, with frequent interference deriving from seismic activity and water fluctuations. The basin consists of three areas: Porcelain Basin, Back Basin, and One Hundred Springs Plain.
MIDWAY GEYSER BASIN
The Midway Geyser Basin is among the smallest basins in Yellowstone found along the Firehole River. But this basin has two interesting attractions to visit, the Excelsior Geyser and the Grand Prismatic Spring. The most beautiful is undoubtedly the Grand Prismatic Spring, which is the largest hot spring in Yellowstone and the third largest in the world.
The spring is one of Yellowstone tourist attractions and is famous for its wonderful colors ranging from blue, green, yellow, orange, gold, red and brown. These water colors are due to the presence of bacteria that develop around the edges of the mineral-rich water. Note, however, that the more vibrant colors are visible only during spring. In summer, the predominant colors tend to be orange and red, while in winter the dominant color is dark green.
MAMMOTH HOT SPRINGS
The terraces of Mammoth Hot Springs are the result of the forces of heat and water on the limestone, thanks to a system of fractures in the rock through which hot water can reach the earth’s surface. Hot water is the creative force of the terraces. Another ingredient necessary for the growth of the terraces is the mineral calcium carbonate. Mammoth Hot Springs are constantly evolving, they are divided into two sections, the lower terraces, and the upper terrace. The terraces extend all the way from the hill, through the Parade Ground, and down to the Boiling River.