Destination of the most interesting and varied in Latin America, Brazil has interesting tourist attractions related to the natural beauty of the country, such as the Amazon forest, the waterfalls of Iguazu (Cataratas do Iguaçu), the flood plains of the Pantanal, or the island Fernando de Noronha.
Brazil also has beautiful colonial cities and historic towns such as Salvador, Olinda, Ouro Preto, São Cristóvão, São Luis do Maranhão, Diamantina. Among the most popular tourist destinations are modern cities such as Rio de Janeiro, Fortaleza, Recife, São Paulo and Brasilia.
Brazil has 19 sites declared by UNESCO World Heritage Sites, of these seven sites are natural heritage sites and 12 are cultural heritages. Many are the historical centers of Brazilian cities present in the UNESCO list, among them we find the historic center of Salvador de Bahia (1985), the historical center of São Luís do Maranhão (1997), the historical center of the city of Diamantina (1999), the historic center of the city of Goiás (2001), the historical center of the city of Olinda (1982), the historic city of Ouro Preto (1980) and the São Francisco square in the city of São Cristóvão that was the old capital of the state of Sergipe del Rey (2010). Even the modern Brasilia (1987) and Rio de Janeiro (2012) are included in the UNESCO list.
Among the artistic heritage there are also the Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas (1985), the National Park of Serra da Capivara with its prehistoric paintings (1991) and the Jesuit Missions of the Guarani, of these four are located in Argentina (San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor), while the ruins of São Miguel das Missoes are in Brazil (1983).
Among the natural sites are the island of Fernando de Noronha and Atolls das Rocas (2001), the Central Amazonia (2000), the reserves of the Atlantic Forest of the South-East (1999), the reserves of the Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Park (2001), the National Park of Iguaçu Falls (1986), the area of the Pantanal (2000) and the reserves of the Atlantic Forest of the Coast of Discovery (1999).
FERNANDO DE NORONHA
Tropical island located in the Atlantic Ocean more than 500 km north-east of the city of Recife, much of the island is protected as a National Marine Park, the island is famous for its beautiful beaches and unspoiled nature, there can be observe dolphins, sea turtles, fish and many species of birds. In 2001 Fernando de Noronha has been listed among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Fernando de Noronha —>
IGUAZÚ (IGUAÇU) FALLS
The Iguazu Falls (Cataratas do Iguaçu) are among the most spectacular waterfalls in the world, a true natural wonder. The falls are located along the border between Brazil and Argentina and are formed by about 275 waterfalls, towering up to 82 meters, which develop along a front of 2.7 km. Since 1986 UNESCO has included them among the World Heritage Sites. Iguazú Falls —>
The area of the Pantanal is a region of savannas, forests and wetlands that extends for 250.000 km² in the Brazilian states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, and part of Bolivia and Paraguay. The Pantanal has a wide variety of wildlife, here you can observe capybaras, jaguars, pumas, toucans, snakes, and alligators. The Pantanal is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
RIO DE JANEIRO
The second Brazilian metropolis after São Paulo, Brazil’s capital from 1763 until the founding of Brasilia in 1960. Famous for the beauty of the landscape in which it is located, the city of Rio de Janeiro is the main tourist destination in Brazil and in the whole of America Latina. Rio de Janeiro —>
Salvador (Bahia), the first capital of Brazil Salvador (Bahia), the first capital of Brazil is the richest city in history of the country, its historical center which includes the areas of Pelourinho, the Sé and the Pilar is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985. Salvador —>
Olinda, a jewel of colonial architecture in the north-east of Brazil, the city is located a few kilometers from Recife, and has one of the best preserved historic centers of Brazil. Since 1982 is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Olinda —>
BRAZIL LESS KNOWN
In the interior of the state of Bahia, 500 km west of Salvador, Chapada Diamantina is a small paradise made of natural caves, waterfalls, swamps, mountains and small towns built by the diamond miners. Chapada Diamantina —>
The National Park of Lençóis Maranhenses, is a spectacular desert area of the state of Maranhão, formed by white sand dunes up to 40 meters high and small freshwater lagoons.
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