Brasilia, the capital of Brazil, rises around an artificial lake, Paranoá lake, at over 1,150 meters above sea level in the Goiás plateau (Planalto Central). Administratively the territory of Brasilia is called Distrito Federal. This territory is almost completely surrounded by the state of Goiás. While only for a very short stretch to the southeast it also borders on the state of Minas Gerais.
The area where the city stands is an undulating plateau which is more than 1,000 km from the sea, and which has a height varying between 600 and 1,200 meters. The highest point of the Brazilian capital is the Pico do Roncador or Rodeador (1,341 meters). This mountain is located in the Serra do Sobradinho, in the north western part of the region.
A MODERN CITY SYMBOL OF CURRENT BRAZIL
The city was recently founded, it was idealized by Juscelino Kubitschek, designed urbanistically by Lucio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer who designed its architecture. Work on its construction began in 1922, but the city was inaugurated and became the new capital of Brazil in 1960. The decision to build Brasilia was made primarily to express the desire for modernity and equality supported by the Brazilian state. In fact, for the first time the country was looking inside moving the capital from the coast (Rio de Janeiro) to the geographical center of the country.
The city today has over 3 million inhabitants which with the metropolitan area largely exceeds 4 million inhabitants. The population of the city is mostly mulatto (49%), then there are whites (41%) and blacks (8%). Brasilia is a masterpiece of modern architecture, an example of 20th century futurist architecture. In 1987 the city became part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The city is also full of natural wealth, with waterfalls, lakes, caves and lagoons. There are parks and environments perfect for outdoor sports.
The climate of Brasilia.
- Area: 5,801 km ²
- Population: 3,100,000 (2019) ( mulattos 49.60 %, whites 41.37 %, blacks 8.14%, asians 0.44%, native americans 0.33%)
- Capital: Brasilia
- Time zone : UTC -3 ( Summer UTC -2)