Brasilia, the capital of Brazil, rises around an artificial lake, the lake Paranoá , at more than 1,150 meters of altitude in the plateau of Goiás (Planalto Central). Administratively the area of Brasilia is called the Federal District. The territory is almost completely surrounded by the state of Goiás, only for a short stretch to the south-east it borders with the state of Minas Gerais.
The area where the city rises is an undulating plateau which lies more than 1,000 km from the sea, and has a height of between 600 and 1,200 meters, the highest point is Pico do Roncador or Rodeador (1,341 meters), which is located in the Serra do Sobradinho, in the northwestern part of the region of the capital.
The city was founded recently, urbanistically was designed by Lucio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer who designed the architecture. Work on its construction began in 1922, but the city was inaugurated and became the new capital of Brazil in 1960.
Brasilia is an example of futuristic architecture of the twentieth century, in 1987 it became part of the UNESCO World Heritage sites.
- Area: 5,801 km ²
- Population: 2,562,963 (2010) ( mulattos 49.60 %, whites 41.37 %, blacks 8.14%, asians 0.44%, native americans 0.33%)
- Capital: Brasilia
- Time zone : UTC -3 ( Summer UTC -2)