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Salvador: colonial city and former capital of Brazil

Salvador (Bahia) is one of the historic towns of Brazil, was founded in 1549 and immediately became the capital of the Brazil colony, of which was the capital until 1763, when it was replaced by Rio de Janeiro. Between 1624 and 1625 Salvador was occupied by the Dutch West India Company (WIC).

The city from a historical point of view is one of the most beautiful of Brazil rich in ancient monuments, including entire districts like the historic Pelourinho, several fortresses and wonderful churches, UNESCO has included Salvador in the list of world heritage sites, tourism is one of the main economy activity of the city.

Salvador (Bahia), is now the third largest city of Brazil by population, it has a population of over 2,900,000, that with the metropolitan area they become almost 3,500,000. The city lies along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean on a beautiful bay in the Northeast of Brazil. Salvdor consists of two separate areas, the low city (Cidade Baixa) formed from the shopping area and the harbor, and the upper city (Cidade Alta) the old colonial core with the characteristic district of Pelourinho.

Salvador de Bahía, Bahía, Brazil. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Salvador de Bahía, Bahía, Brazil. Author Marco Ramerini

Salvador is a beautiful city full of fine colonial buildings dating back to the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, there are churches, monasteries, palaces and forts which alone are worth a visit to the city. Very beautiful the beaches that dot the coastline south and north of Salvador.

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