Recife, capital of Pernambuco state, has 1,700,000 inhabitants, while its metropolitan area has a population of over 3.7 million, along with Salvador ( Bahia) and Fortaleza, the capital of Pernambuco is one of the most important industrial cities in the Northeast of Brazil. The city extends on two islands and along the coasts of the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the rivers Capibaribe and Beberibe.
It was founded by the Portuguese in the sixteenth century, but remained a small village subsidiary of Olinda. In 1630, Recife was occupied by the Dutch and became the capital of their possessions in Brazil, they built a new city Mauritsstad , which became in the years of their occupation one of the most thriving commercial centers of South America, the Dutch occupation ended in 1654.
In the following years, particularly since the eighteenth century, the city, thanks to its port, finally supplanted Olinda as a commercial center of the state of Pernambuco and became the main town in the area.
Recife is a rich and prosperous city that attracts tourists for its beaches and its historic center, the city retains churches, palaces, fortresses, public markets, and other historic buildings of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.