The state of Sergipe is the smallest of the Brazilian states except for the Federal District where the capital Brasilia is located. Its dimensions are slightly higher than those of Slovenia. Sergipe is bathed in the east by the Atlantic Ocean, bordered by Alagoas in the north, while the state of Bahia is in the south and west. The capital is the city of Aracaju, which is centrally located along the coast. The São Fracisco river marks the entire border with the state of Alagoas.
The Sergipe territory is formed by a low and sandy coast with flat areas which in the interior become low hills. Almost in the center of the state is the Serra de Itabaiana which reaches 659 meters in height.
In the western part, along the border with the state of Bahia, there are some low mountain ranges. These include the Serra da Catambra, the Serra do Evangelista, the Serra Curral Novo and the Serra Negra, which at 742 meters above sea level is the highest point in the Sergipe. Most of the state’s territory is located at altitudes below 300 meters.
Sergipe’s economy is mainly industrial and agricultural. The main crops are those of sugar cane and oranges. Sergipe also has important oil fields.
Tourism is an important activity thanks to the beaches and beautiful colonial cities such as those of São Cristóvão and Laranjeiras. In 2010, the São Francisco square in the city of São Cristóvão became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Another attraction is sailing along the Xingó canyon on the banks of the São Francisco river. The canyon was formed thanks to the construction of a dam that flooded a valley. Here you can admire fascinating landscapes with rock formations and crystal clear waters. Located in the city of Canindé do São Francisco, over two hundred kilometers from Aracaju, the Xingó Canyon is one of the most famous rock formations in the area.
- Area: 21,910 km²
- Population: 2,068,031 (2010) (mulattos 61.08%, whites 31.21%, blacks 7.22%, Amerindians 0.28%, Asians 0.21%)
- Capital: Aracaju
- Time zone: UTC-3