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São Paulo: the megalopolis of Brazil

São Paulo is the largest city in Brazil, as well as a major center of trade, industry and finance in the country, with a population of over 11 million inhabitants, which grow to about 22,000,000 considering the metropolitan area of the city, Sao Paulo is one of the most populated cities on the planet Earth, more than half of its population is of Italian origin. São Paulo is located in the south- eastern Brazil a few hundred kilometers from the sea.

The city, very modern in appearance, covers a plateau at about 760 meters high. It was founded by the Portuguese Jesuits in 1554. Already in 1560 became a city and in later years grew in importance, becoming, between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the main base of the so-called “bandeirantes”,  slave hunters and explorers of gold and silver mining.

São Paulo has however developed recently, becoming one of the most important cities in Brazil only in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, thanks to the development of the cultivation of coffee and the arrival of immigrants, mainly Italians and Germans, from Europe.

Today, São Paulo is the economic engine of Brazil, but it is also a city full of parks and green areas, with a cultural life of international importance.

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