Arizona (Grand Canyon State) is a state of south-west United States, which borders to the south with Mexico, to the west with California and Nevada, to the north with Utah, and to the east with New Mexico.
The city of Phoenix is the capital of Arizona, the other major cities are Scottsdale, Glendale, Mesa and Tempe who are all in the area around the capital, while among towns outside the metro Phoenix are Tucson and Flagstaff.
The territory of Arizona, largely arid and semi-desert, has a wide variety of landscapes, it’s geographically divided into three defined areas:
To the south-west is the Sonora desert, one of the largest and hottest deserts of North America; to the south-east and in the central area stretch the las ramifications of the Mexican Plateau; in the northern part of the country lies the Colorado plateau, which has an average height of 1,200 – 2,200 meters, characterized by the presence of deep cañons, including the famous Grand Canyon of the Colorado River.
To the south-west the Colorado Plateau is closed from Mogollon Rim, a rocky slope of sandstone and limestone. South of the Grand Canyon rise up the San Francisco Peaks, where are the Humphreys Peak (3,851 meters), the highest mountain of Arizona. The main rivers are the Gila, the Little Colorado and especially Colorado. Because the aridity of the climate along the main rivers were built many dams, which create large artificial lakes, such as the Lake Powell, Lake Mead, Lake Mohave and Lake Havasu.
Regarding the economy of the state, agriculture is possible thanks to the presence of these artificial lake basins, in the irrigated areas are being cultivated cotton, fruit, citrus; widespread is the breeding of sheep and cattle. Considerable are the subsoil resources are extracted copper, lead, zinc, uranium, gold and silver. Important industry sectors are especially mechanical, electronic, aerospace and high technology. Great development has been tourism for the presence of natural places of great interest and numerous scenic ruins of ancient Indian civilizations.
- Area: 295,254 sq. km. (6° largest state of the United States of America)
- Population: 6,166,000 (data 2006) (Whites 88.7%; Amerindians 5.6%; Blacks 4.2%, Asian 2.7%. Data 2005).
- State Capital: Phoenix.
- Language: The official language is English (spoken as a first language by 74.1% of the population). Spanish is spoken as a first language by 19.5% of the population, Navajo from 1, 9% (data 2000).
- Religion: Christian (Roman Catholic, Evangelical, Mormon, Baptist, Methodist, Lutheran), Jewish.
- Time: UTC-7; in the Navajo Nation UTC-7 (Summer: UTC-6).
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