Italy is a country full of history, with a wealth of works of art and monuments, land kissed by thousands of years of civilization, saw the birth in its territory the Etruscan and Roman civilizations, but also the civilization of the communes, the humanism and the Renaissance.
Italy is a treasure chest of art, an open-air museum spread widely in every city and town of the peninsula. In Italy every town, no matter how insignificant, can enclose a masterpiece of ancient art, in a church or a building, or outdoors in a square, along a road.
The enjoyment of those who visit, and the particularity of Italy, it is this opportunity to discover outside (and also within) the beautiful and acclaimed main tourist centers, that art has spread to every corner of the country. In confirmation of this, the fact that Italy is the country that has the largest number of sites inserted by UNESCO in the exclusive club of the World Heritage Sites.
There are famous cities of art that alone are worth a trip as Rome, Florence and Venice, the three major tourism destinations of Italian art. Cities, which in Italy are partly obscured by the three most important destinations, but that in every other country in the world would be stars of the first magnitude as Pisa, Siena, Ravenna, Naples, Verona, Padua, Vicenza, Lucca, Ferrara, Perugia, Palermo, Bergamo, Bologna, Pavia etc.. The widespread of small towns but of great beauty such as San Gimignano, Assisi, Urbino, Gubbio, Orvieto, Syracuse, Cefalù, Spoleto, Matera, Cortona, Cividale del Friuli, Volterra, Pienza, Todi, Assisi, Loreto, etc..
The archaeological sites are many and many are of global importance. The prehistory is represented in every Italian region, but the most interesting areas are the areas of Valcamonica, Lake Garda and Monte Bego, where you can see thousands of prehistoric rock carvings. Even Sardinia with the remains of Nuraghic civilization is a very attractive destination.
With regard to the ancient history the south of the country has important archaeological sites that go back at the time of Greek colonization, the most important are found in Sicily (Agrigento, Selininte, Segesta, Syracuse), and Campania (Paestum). In Tuscany, Lazio and Umbria are to visit the towns of the Etruscan civilization, where you can see tombs, cemeteries and Vie Cave (excavated roads).
The period of the Roman Empire has left a huge legacy present in every Italian region, of course, the city of Rome, the capital of the empire is at the heart of it all, but close to Rome are to visit the impressive Roman ruins of Ostia Antica, the Villa Adriana in Tivoli. Elsewhere in the country there are wonderful archaeological sites as in Campania (Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis), Sicily (Piazza Armerina, Tindari), in Friuli Venezia Giulia (Aquileia), Veneto (Verona), Valle d’Aosta (Aosta), to name only the most famous.
The Italian territory is a territory varied and rich in natural landscape and every aspect of the Italian nature has been profoundly transformed by man over the centuries, but this union between man and nature has resulted in scenic wonders such as hills of Chianti and Val d’Orcia in Tuscany, the Langhe, Roero and Monferrato in Piedmont, the Cinque Terre in Liguria.
But the Italian peninsula also has a multitude of natural features that remained intact. The majesty of the Alps with mountains higher than 4,000 meters above sea level, protected by numerous national parks, and the bizarre and fascinating Dolomites that UNESCO has included the world heritage sites. But also the long chain of the Apennines, which runs through the country from north to south, low mountains sweet but at the same time fascinating. Italy is also a land of volcanoes, there is the largest volcano in Europe, Mount Etna, and also the most destructive, Vesuvius.
The natural features of the country are not confined to the mountains, but every geographic feature is represented. Famous for its beautiful landscape are the great lakes of northern Italy such as Lake Como, Lake Garda, Lake Iseo and Lake Maggiore. Hilly and countryside areas very charming landscape as the hilly areas of Tuscany, Piedmont, Veneto, Umbria and the Marches. There are caves that contain natural wonders of the subsoil made of stalactites and stalagmites, among the most famous are the caves of Castellana in Puglia, the Grotta del Vento (cave of the wind) in Tuscany, the caves of Toirano in Liguria and the caves of Frasassi in the Marches.
The thousands of kilometers of coastline are among the most popular destinations for tourists visiting Italy, there are famous seaside resorts such as those located along the Adriatic Riviera (Rimini, Riccione) and Versilia (Forte dei Marmi, Viareggio). Sea worthy the location of the legendary South Seas such as that along the coasts of Sardinia, rocky and wild coasts (Cilento, Gargano, Cinque Terre, Amalfi Coast), long golden sandy beaches, islands and worldly seaside resorts (Portofino, Capri, Ischia, Amalfi, Taormina, Portovenere, Positano), archipelagos such as the Aeolian Islands, the Egadi or the islands of the Tuscan Archipelago.
During a trip to Italy should not be underestimated even aspects of local traditions and culture, crafts, language, folklore, food and wine. Italy has a heritage of food and wine that is unmatched by any country in the world, every Italian region has its dishes, and its way of cooking the food, its wine, its oil, its salami and typical products.