The major tourist attractions of the island of Fernando de Noronha are undoubtedly many beaches and the transparency and color of the sea, but are also very spectacular cliffs that characterize much of the coastline.
The island has a total of fourteen all very beautiful, deserted beaches, are generally divided between those located in the “Mar de Dentro” and those in the “Mar de Fora”.
Along the “Mar de Dentro”, ie the coast toward Brazil, are the most of the beaches of Fernando de Noronha, here you also have the best conditions for swimming, because this is the part of the coast more sheltered from the winds.
Starting from the port include: Praia do Porto, Praia do Cachorro, Praia do Meio, Praia da Conceição (Italcable), Praia do Boldre, Praia do Americano, Praia do Bode, Praia do Cachimba do Padre (Quixaba), Morro Dois Irmãos (Baía dos Porcos) Baía do Sancho.
Along the “Mar de Fora” are only four beaches: Praia do Atalaia, Enseada das Caieiras, Praia do Leão and Baía do Sueste.
Because of the system of prevailing winds, the waters of the beaches of the “Mar de Dentro” are very quiet and calm during the months from April to September, while those in the “Mar de Fora” are more quiet in the months between November and February.
Three of the island’s beaches are generally referred to as the three most beautiful beaches in Brazil, this is the Baía do Sancho, Praia do Leão and Morro Dois Irmãos (Baía dos Porcos).
BEACHES OF FERNANDO DE NORONHA
PRAIA DO CACHORRO
Located just below the village of Vila dos Remedios, Praia do Cachorro is the “most popular” beach on the island. On the right side of the beach, watching the sea, between the rocks, is the Buraco do Galego, a natural stone swimming pool nestled between the cliffs. Along the beach there is the small Bar do Cachorro, while in the woods above the beach are the ruins of the fort of Santa Ana.
PRAIA DO MEIO
A very beautiful beach between the Cachorro and Conceição beaches. At the limit with the beach and the Conceção islet you will find the “Pião”, a very big stone balanced over smaller stones.
PRAIA DA CONCEIÇÃO (ITALCABLE)
Situated at the base of the Morro do Pico, it’s a big beach with a great walking sand extension surrounded by coconut palms. The origin of the name is the Nossa Senhora da Conceição Fort of the XVIII century, which was transformed in a hospital by the end of the XIX century of which are still visible the ruins hidden by the vegetation near the Bar de Meio. In the peninsula that juts out into the sea is a rock called “piao”, 10 meters high and hovering over other smaller stones.
In 1925 the Italians of Italcable settled down at this beach for the installation of the telegraphic undersea cable, so originating its second name.
PRAIA DO BOLDRÓ, PRAIA DO AMERICANO, PRAIA DO BODE
This is a very beautiful area of the island, Praia do Boldró is a nice beach with Morro do Pico and Morro dos Dois Irmãos on the background. In the height of the cliff is the Forte São Pedro do Boldró, that is an excellent belvedere for sunset.
PRAIA CACIMBA DO PADRE
In my opinion this is the most beautiful beach of the island, a very large (175 m. medium) and long (900 m.) sand beach with the Morro dos Dois Irmãos, two similar basaltic elevations near the water, that complete the landscape. Its original name was Quixaba Beach. In 1888 the chaplain of the prison (padre Francisco Adelino de Brito Dantas) discovered a fresh water fountain and its name was accordingly changed.
MORRO DOIS IRMÃOS, BAÍA DOS PORCOS
Baía dos Porcos is a small bay, very beautiful, almost no sand, and covered with basaltic rocks, clear water and the two faraglionis of Morro dos Dois Irmãos make this the most scenic area of the entire island.
On the top on the western tip of the bay are the remains of the fort São João Baptista dos Dois Irmãos. The access to the bay is a bit difficult because of the rocks and is done by passing the Cachimba do Padre Beach.
The bay is considered the second most beautiful of all the beaches in Brazil, however, do not worry about: the third (Praia do Leão) and the first beach (Baía do Sancho) most beautiful of Brazil are also in Fernando de Noronha!
BAÍA DO SANCHO
Isolated and limited by a steep cliff, a sand beach of great extension, it is one of the best beaches for bathing. The access is made by sea or through steps imbeded on a rift of its cliff. It’s considerated the first place among the most beautiful beaches of Brazil. The usual boat trip always stop for a bath in this beach.
BAÍA DE SANTO ANTÔNIO E PRAIA DO PORTO
Baía de Santo Antônio is a natural bay, which is used as a port for unloading and loading of vessels, boats leave from the port to take tourists to visit the island from the sea.
The bay offers a beautiful view of the minor islands of the archipelago of Fernando de Noronha and is a great place to admire sunsets. Nearby are the ruins of the fort of Santo Antonio.
PONTA DE SANTO ANTÔNIO
Situated at the exact point where the inside and the outside sea find together, a beautiful place to see the secondary islands, among which the São José Island with the only fort situated outside the main island, the Forte São José do Morro.
PRAIA DO LEÃO
A beautiful long (450 m.) sand beach, the best of the Mar de Fora, its name is based on the very big stone, which profile is like a laid down sea lion. Near the beach are the remains of the Forte do Bom Jesus do Leão.
BAÍA DO SUESTE
Another beautiful beach of the Mar de Fora. Was in this bay that the Portuguese fleet, which pretended to retake the Archipelago from the Dutch, landed in 1629. Near the sea there is the only mangrove in an oceanic island, an ecologic rarity.
PONTA DAS CARACAS
Ponta das Caracas is a rocky point with several natural swimming pools among the stones. From the viewpoints are beautiful views of Praia do Leão and Baia do Suéste, is also visible the Ilha do Frade in the Baia da Atalaia. On the Ponta das Caracas there are also the ruins of the Forte São Joaquim do Sueste.
PRAIA DA ATALAIA
A bay of black stones, reefs and the Ilha do Frade as a landmark in the middle of the bay. You must took a ticket, only few people are allowed to remain for half hour to swim in the natural swimming pools with several fishes and marine life. It is advisable to visit early in the morning to avoid the risk of not being admitted if you exceed the maximum allowed visitors per day.
ENSEADA DA CAIERA
A rugged coastline surrounded by sand dunes.
The usual boat tour of Fernando de Noronha is in the “Mar de Dentro”, it start from the Baia de Santo Antonio, first around the small islands of the archipelago such as Ilha da Rata, Ilha Sela Gineta, Ilha Rasa, Ilha do Cuscuz, etc. Then passing in front of Vila dos Remedios, the beaches of Cachorro, de Meio, Conceicão, Boldró, Cachimba do Padre, Morro dos Dois Irmãos and Baia do Sancho. When we reached Baia dos Golfinhos, home of hundreds of dolphins living freely, it is possible to watch the dolphins following the boat. The tour continue untill Ponta da Sapata, where is a hole in the rock that seems the Brazilian map. Stop at the Sancho´s Bay for snorkeling and swimming.