Chile is a nation squeezed between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes mountain range. The country has a great diversity of natural landscapes, there are among the driest deserts in the world – such as the Atacama desert -, peaks, volcanoes, fjords, lakes and glaciers.
The natural attractions are undoubtedly the main reason for a trip to Chile: in the country there are 32 national parks that protect the most beautiful areas in terms of landscape and nature.
In the Atacama desert are also interesting examples of pre-Columbian cultures, who left petroglyphs, rock carvings, mummies and objects, often beautifully preserved by the aridity of the climate.
But Chile has no shortage of attractions more mundane, such as ski areas (Portillo, Valle Nevado and Termas de Chillán) and the seaside resorts of the center of the country, between the latter as to remember Valparaíso and Viña del Mar.
Chile does not fail to attract lovers of good wine with the vineyards planted in the valleys of Casablanca and Colchagua. Mountains, lakes, glaciers and volcanoes are the calls of the south of the country and of the Chilean Patagonia. Finally more exclusive, but beautiful, are the remotest Chilean islands in the Pacific Ocean, among them the mysterious Easter Island.
Chile has six sites declared by UNESCO World Heritage Sites. UNESCO sites in Chile are all cultural sites, the first Chilean site to be inserted in the UNESCO list was the Easter Island (1995), then UNESCO added the Churches of Chiloé (2000), the historical district of the port city of Valparaíso (2003), the towns of saltpeter of Humberstone and Santa Laura (2005), the mining town of Sewell (2006), the road system of the Andes (Qhapaq Ñan) (2014).
TORRES DEL PAINE NATIONAL PARK
The Torres del Paine National Park is one of the largest and most important parks in Chile, the park is located in southern Chile about 100 km from Puerto Natales. The park has a great variety of landscapes: mountains – including the famous Torres del Paine -, valleys, rivers, lakes and glaciers.
The Atacama Desert, a desert plateau of rocks and stones of northern Chile, is one of the driest areas of the planet Earth, the desert terrain is rich of saltpetre. The plateau is dominated by the imposing volcanoes of the Andes, great is the variety of natural landscapes, there are salt pans, volcanoes, lakes and geysers. Atacama Desert —>
Easter Island, also known as Rapa Nui, is a Chilean island lost in the Pacific Ocean. The island is at the eastern end of Polynesia and is famous for being the place where the Moai – huge stone statues of human form – were built, on the island there are more than 600 moais. Since 1995, UNESCO included the Easter Island between the World Heritage Site. Easter Island —>
CHILE HOLIDAY DESTINATIONS
VIÑA DEL MAR
Viña del Mar is one of the most exclusive tourist destinations of Chile, is located along the Chilean coast of the Pacific Ocean, a few miles north of Valparaiso. Viña del Mar is known for its long beaches that attract tourists from Chile and other South American countries. Viña del Mar —>
Valle Nevado is one of the newest and most modern ski centers in Chile, founded in 1988, is more than three thousand metres high and less than 50 km from Santiago. Valle Nevado has 37 km of ski slopes, the ski season begins in June and ends in October.
Port city largely rebuilt after the catastrophic earthquake of 1906, without a doubt, the main attraction of Valparaiso is the original architecture, the city is one of the few places in Latin America where the Victorian architecture was adapted to the topography of the site so successfully. Since 2003, the historical part of Valparaiso is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
CHILE LESS KNOWN
JUAN FERNÁNDEZ ISLANDS
Juan Fernández Islands are a group of three main islands and several smaller islands located in the Pacific Ocean at over 600 km west of the Chilean coast. The islands are of volcanic formation and are characterized by beautiful and spectacular nature.
LAUCA NATIONAL PARK
The Lauca National Park (Parque Nacional Lauca), is located at the northern end of the country near the border with Bolivia and not far from the one with Peru. The area of the park is formed by a semi-desert plateau full of volcanoes and lakes, and has an important wildlife of mammals and birds. The park is known for the spectacular landscapes of volcanoes and lagoons.
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