The Fiji Islands (Republic of Fiji, Viti Matanitu Ko) are an arcipaelago located in the South Pacific, between 16° and 20° 30′ latitude south, and 177° longitude east and 177° 30′ longitude west, east of Vanuatu Islands, west of Tonga and south of Tuvalu and Wallis and Futuna.
The archipelago is made up of over 300 islands, mostly of volcanic origin, the two largest islands, which alone account for over 87% of the area of the country, are Viti Levu (10,497 square kilometres) and Vanua Levu (5,534 sq km), other islands are Taveuni (652 sq km), Kandavu (321 sq km), Koro and Rotuma.
Many are the archipelagos as those of Yasawa islands, Mamanuca, Lau, or Moala. The capital and main city of the country is Suva on the island of Viti Levu. The highest mountain of Fiji is Mount Tomaniivi, on the island of Viti Levu, which reaches a height of 1,324 meters, there are many volcanoes like Mount Uluigalau, that with 1,241 metres is the second mountain of the archipelago, and Des Vœux Peak, 1,195 meters high, both on the island of Taveuni.
The main economic resources for the people of Fiji islands are those that come from agriculture, that it’s based largely on the production of sugarcane, are also produced bananas, coconuts, rice, cassava and sweet potatoes; other resources are fishing, timber, mining (gold, silver and manganese).
Very important is tourism, thanks to the climate and beautiful scenery of the archipelago, and the presence of a major international airport in Nadi.
- Area: 18 272 sqkm. (Arable 16%, Pastures 9%, Forests and Woodlands 65%, Uncultivated and Unproductive 10%)
- Population: 853 400 (2006 data) (Fijians 54.3%, Indians 38.1%, Europeans 1.2%).
- State Capital: Suva (Viti Levu island).
- Languages: English, Fijian and Hindi.
- Religion: Christian 58% (Methodist 36.2%, Roman Catholic 8.9%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 2.9%), Hindu 33.7%, Muslim 7%.
- Currency: Fijian Dollar (FJD).
- Time: +12 hours compared to London (UK) (+11 hours when London (UK) has daylight saving time). UTC +12 hours.