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Tutuila and Manu’a Islands. The jewels of American Samoa: the islands of Ofu and Olosega

TUTUILA

Tutuila (137 sq km) is the main island of American Samoa, is a volcanic island located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean less than 100 km south-east of the eastern tip of the island of Upolu.

Most of the island of Tutuila is formed by steep mountains, deeply eroded and rich in tropical vegetation, a small flat area is located in its southwestern part, in the center of the island is its highest mountain the Matafao Peak (653 meters), other famous mountain is Mount Rainmaker (523 meters), overlooking the bay of Pago Pago.

At the end of a deep bay, considered as one of the best ports in the South Pacific, is the main town of the island and of all American Samoa, the town of Pago Pago. The island produces copra, canned fish, and local crafts.

MANU’A ISLANDS

The three islands that formed the volcanic Manu’a archipelago: Ofu (7 sq. km.), Olosega (5 sq. km.) and Tau (46 sq. km.) offer the most stunning scenary in Samoa. Manu’a group is situated 100 km east of Tutuila.

The beach along the southern coast of Ofu island is one of the finest scenario of beaches and mountains in the whole Pacific. Ofu highest peak is mount Tumutumu (491 m.), the higher mount Piumafua (629 m.) is in Olosega Island, these two islands are connected by a bridge and are encircled by the same reef.

The main island of Tau is situated 11 km. southeast of Olosega, mount Lata (995 m.) on Tau is the highest point in American Samoa. The islands are part of the American Samoa National Park. There are airports in Ofu and Tau connected with flies to Tutuila. The only place to stay in Ofu is Va’oto Lodge.

OFU AND OLOSEGA ISLANDS

Located in American Samoa, Central Pacific Ocean, the islands of Ofu and Olosega belong to the archipelago of the Manu’a islands, the more traditional areas of American Samoa. The islands are two small volcanic islands connected by a small bridge, the largest is the island of Ofu (7.2 km ²) which is also the most populated (289 persons in 2000), the island of Olosega (5.1 km ²) has a population slightly smaller (216 people in 2000). The two islands are located about 100 km east of Tutuila, the main island of American Samoa, and in part are included in the National Park of American Samoa.

The islands are characterized by rugged and spectacular mountains, remnants of ancient volcanoes, the highest mountain is Mount Piumafua (639 meters), overlooking the island of Olosega, while the island of Ofu reaches heights lower, being the highest peak Mount Tumu (494 meters).

The island of Ofu in its southern part has a beautiful white sandy beach about 4 km long which has as its scenic backdrop the spectacular mountains of jagged Sunu’itao Peak (233 meters) and Mount Piumafua on Island Olosega. The whole beach and the reef in front of it are part of the National Park of American Samoa, the reef offers the best snorkeling on the island of American Samoa.

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