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Western Australia: beaches, canyons, deserts and coral reefs

Western Australia is the largest state of Australia, it has a land area of 2,645,615 sq. km. and a population of 2,400,000 (2012), the majority of Western Australians live in the capital, Perth (1,800,000 inhabitants), in the south western corner of the state.

The state is bordered to the north-east with the Northern Territory, and to the south-east with South Australia, its coast is washed by the Indian Ocean, and stretches over 20,000 kilometers, between the Great Australian Bight, to the south, and the Timor Sea, to the north.

Western Australia has a varied and interesting geography, most of the territory is desert and plains, its interior is made up of some of the largest Australian deserts, including to the north is the Great Sandy Desert, to the center is the Gibson Desert, to the south-east are the Great Victoria Desert and the Nullarbor Plain.

The most densely populated area of Western Australia is the south-west coast where you will find the city of Perth and Albany. To the south-west, along the coast around Perth, there are the low hills of the Darling Range, and further south, near Albany, is the Stirling Range reaching 1,000 meters above sea level.

In the central area of the state, in the region of the Pilbara, there are the mountains of the ‘Hamersley Range where is the highest mountain in Western Australia, Mount Meharry (1,249 meters). At the far north of Western Australia is the wild Kimberley Plateau, a rocky plateau which does not exceed one thousand meters in height.

The best area for agriculture is the south-west of the state, in this area are cultivated several agricultural products and breeding is practiced, it produces wine, milk and cheese. The north-west of Western Australia is instead a desert area, but rich in mines, here are some of the largest iron deposits in the world. There are also mines of diamonds and gold, and off the coast there are huge deposits of oil and natural gas. Most of the big cattle ranches of Australia are located in this state.

Western Australia is remote from the rest of the country but its capital, Perth, is recognised as the most beautiful in Australia. Tourists can visit beutiful landscapes as that of Karijini gorges in Karijini National Park or beautiful coastal areas as Ningaloo Reef. The state of Western Australia has three sites inscribed on World Heritage List by UNESCO: Purnululu National Park, Ningaloo Coast and Shark Bay.

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