Perth was founded in 1829 along the banks of the Swan River near its mouth in the waters of the Indian Ocean, the place was originally a penal colony and a military post, after the city grew thanks to the construction of the railway that connected it to Adelaide and because of the discovery of gold deposits in the interior of the territory of Western Australia.
Perth is the largest city and the capital of Western Australia, with nearly 2 million people living in its metropolitan area, which includes the port of Fremantle, the city of Perth is home to approximately 80% of the population of Western Australia.
There are few Australian cities that rival in beauty with Perth, Western Australia is far away and isolated from the rest of the country, but its capital, Perth, is often recognized as the most beautiful city in Australia.
The historic center of Perth is formed by narrow streets and buildings in British colonial style that are cleverly interspersed with modern buildings and skyscrapers. The city is compact and easy to visit. There are numerous parks and gardens, as well as some interesting museums such as the Art Gallery of Western Australia, a museum dedicated to Aboriginal art and to the art of Western Australia.
Among the places to visit is the Kings Park, 400 acres of parkland, picnic areas and bush with magnificent panoramic views of the skyline of Perth and the Swan River. Another interesting visit is the Perth Mint, which is the oldest mint in the nation still operating. It was founded in 1899 and is one of the oldest mints in the world still producing coins from its original location.
For families with children are also worth visiting the Perth Zoo surrounded by landscaped gardens, very nice is also the Underwater World, an aquarium with rich marine species that living in the seas of Australia, and the Adventure World, a theme park rich of attractions with swimming pools and water slides.
Just 12 km from the city center you can reach the surf beaches of the Indian Ocean at Freemantle, while some beaches are also found along the Swan River. Another attraction in front of Fremantle is Rottnest Island, here are the Quokka – small marsupials – and many beautiful beaches.
Perth is connected to the rest of Australia and many Asian countries through a major international airport, the Perth Airport (PER). This airport for passenger traffic is the fourth Australian airport after those in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane. The airport is located 20 km north- east of the city.