Broome is located along the northwest coast of Australia, south of the Dampier Land and West of the Wild Kimberley, of which Broome is the southern gateway. Established in the 1880s as pearl- harbor, became the center of attraction for many immigrants who came here to work in the thriving pearl industry.
The territory of the city was originally inhabited by the aboriginal tribe of Yawurru. The first Europeans discovered the region of Broome in the late seventeenth century. But the city was founded only in 1883 and was called Broome in honor of the then governor of the colony of Western Australia, Frederick Broome. A few years later because of the pearl trade, the city underwent a rapid development attracting workers immigrants from all over Australia and also from Japan and China. In the center of town is a bustling Chinatown with shops, restaurants and bars.
Broome is now a small town of 15,000 inhabitants, famous for being the most important seaside resort on the northern coast of Western Australia, the city is known for the beautiful Cable Beach, a long expanse of white sand, which is 7 km from the city center and offers spectacular sunsets. Cable Beach stretches for about 20 km, is a large beach lapped by the crystal clear waters of the Indian Ocean. Cable Beach is one of the most famous beaches in Australia.
Another famous beach of Broome is the Roebuck Bay which is located on the eastern shore, thousands of migratory birds stop here. On this beach one of the curiosities to be observed is the phenomenon of the Staircase to the Moon, a phenomenon that occurs when the moon is full. In case of full moon and tide in favor, the reflection of the full moon on the sea floor creates the visual appearance of a Staircase to the Moon.
Among other attractions in Broome are the Crocodile Park, dedicated to the crocodiles, and the Broome Bird Observatory. For lovers of the dinosaurs, just 7 km from the city center is located the Gantheaume Point, where at low tide you can see the footprints of dinosaur fossils dating back 130 million years ago.
The town of Broome is the gateway to the Kimberley, one of the wildest regions of Western Australia. From here it is possible to continue east along the Great Northern Highway and the Gibb River Road.
Broome is connected to the rest of Australia by an international airport, the Broome International Airport ( BME ), which has flights to Perth, Darwin and other cities in Australia.