Alice Springs is situated along the river, often dry, Todd in the mountains of the MacDonnell Range, 1,500 kilometers north of Adelaide, 1500 kilometers south of Darwin, in the center of the Australian continent. In 1862 the explorer John McDouall Stuart, passed by here at the head of an expedition (his third and final attempt) through the center of Australia to the north coast.
Alice Springs was called up to the early months of 1930 under the name of Stuart. The town developed in 1872 with the construction of the Overland Telegraph Line from Adelaide to Darwin, a decade later (1887), in the plain of Arltunga , located 100 kilometers to the east, gold was discovered , this discovery caused a great development of Alice Springs. In 1929 was completed the construction of the railway line between Alice Springs and Adelaide.
Alice Springs was the name given to the first telegraph station, of the small European settlement of Stuart in central Australia. On August 31, 1933 the town of Stuart was officially renamed Alice Springs. Today, its population is 25,186 (2011 census) inhabitants, which makes Alice Springs, the second largest settlement in the Northern Territory, the Australian Aborigines make up about 17 % of the population of Alice Springs.
The Alice Springs Desert Park introduces the visitor to the original environment of the Australian desert, here you can see the typical animals of the desert.
WHAT TO VISIT AROUND ALICE SPRINGS
Around Alice Springs are the MacDonnell Ranges, a series of mountain ranges located east and west of Alice Springs. These mountains are formed by parallel ridges and contain pools of water, spectacular gorges and a rich fauna. The rock formations also preserve aboriginal paintings and are important in the cultural tradition of the Australian Aborigines.
STADLEY CHASM, West MacDonnell Ranges: Located 50 km by road from Alice Springs, Standley Chasm is a gorge of sandstone carved out by floods. This erosion has resulted in the formation of a canyon 80 meters deep. A trail provides access to the canyon where you can see examples of wildlife such as birds and wallabies.
SIMPSONS GAP, West MacDonnell Ranges National Park: Simpson Gap is 20 km west of Alice Springs. It was named by Surveyor McMinn in 1871 while exploring possible routes for the Overland Telegraph Line. Also at Simpsons Gap there is opportunity to see rock wallabies.