Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark and with about five hundred thousand inhabitants (over one million the metropolitan area) the largest city in the country. The city is located by the sea along the east coast of the island of Sjælland and partly on the island of Amager.
The capital of Denmark is located opposite the Øresund strait, which divides Denmark from Sweden. Starting in the summer of 2000, the strait is crossed by a bridge / tunnel, the Øresund Bridge (Øresundsbron), which connects the cities of Copenhagen and Malmö. The bridge is the longest road and railway bridge in Europe. It measures almost 8 km in length (7,845 meters), the section which is almost 16 km long is completed by an underwater tunnel that measures over 4 km in length.
The city is of medieval origin, but developed in the following centuries thanks to its excellent strategic position on the strait that separates Denmark from Sweden, becoming an important port and commercial center. From the 17th century the city became the main port and administrative center of the kingdom of Denmark.
Copenhagen is considered to be one of the most livable cities in the world with a high quality of life. All major attractions are within easy walking distance. The Strøget, a long pedestrian and commercial street in the center of Copenhagen, is the longest of its type in the world. Here the stores of the most renowned Danish products are concentrated while the smaller streets also host numerous antique shops.
HOW TO GET THERE: FLIGHTS TO COPENHAGEN
The Copenhagen-Kastrup airport is the most important airport in the Scandinavian countries. With over thirty million passengers per year (2018), it is located on the island of Amager, 8 km south of central Copenhagen.
Kastrup airport is connected with the main European cities and with many destinations in Asia, the Middle East, America. Flights to Greenland and the Faroe Islands (Vágar Airport) also depart from this airport.
To reach the city center from the airport, the fastest way is the metro which has a station right inside the airport (line M2). At the airport there is also a railway station, in addition there are several urban bus lines that connect the airport to the city.
GETTING AROUND: METRO AND URBAN TRANSPORT
Public transport is highly developed and consists of a network of trains, called “S-tog”, buses and metros. There are four different rail network systems: Re-tog: they are regional trains, which stop only in the most important stations. S-tog: is a combined network of urban and sub-urban trains with an extension of about 170 km, and with stations every 2 km in the Copenhagen area. Metro (Københavns metro): The Copenhagen Metro, an Italian construction, is fully automated, has two lines (M1 and M2) with 22 stations.
The Copenhagen metro network is perfectly integrated with the other public transport in the city, with the same ticket you can use all types of public transport in the city. Tickets can be purchased in the metro stations, where there are ticket vending machines.
Local Trains: they operate in the peripheral areas of the Copenhagen metropolitan area.
Bus: The network of buses that serve the entire city is also highly developed, the company that manages them is Movia.
Bicycles: A means of transport widely used in the city is the bicycle, Copenhagen has a network of about 100 km of cycle paths.
The municipality offers free public bicycles (Bycykler), which can be rented at a hundred stands throughout the city, for their use a security deposit will be paid which will be returned upon release of the bike.