Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark and the largest city in the country (500,000 inhabitants, 1,200,000 in the metropolitan area), the city is located on the sea along the east coast of Sjælland island and in part on Amager island, in front of the Øresund Strait, which separates Denmark from Sweden. Since the summer of 2000, the strait is crossed by a bridge / tunnel, the Øresund Bridge (Øresundsbron), which connects the cities of Copenhagen and Malmö. The bridge is the longest road and rail bridge in Europe, it measures nearly 8 km long (7,845 meters), the trait that is almost 16 km long is complemented by an underwater tunnel that measures more than 4 km in length.
City of medieval origin, Copenhagen was developed in the later centuries due to its excellent location on the strait that separates Denmark from Sweden, and became an important port and commercial multiplex. From the seventeenth century the city became the main port and administrative center of the kingdom of Denmark. Copenhagen is considered one of the most livable cities in the world with a high quality of life.
All major attractions are within easy walking distance, Strøget, a long pedestrian shopping street in central Copenhagen, is the longest of its type in the world, here are concentrated stores of the most renowned Danish products while the smaller streets are also home to many antique shops.
The visit of the old Copenhagen can be concentrated in a single day, between the fundamental historical attractions of the city are to visit in the old town, largely pedestrianized: the Latin Quarter, the medieval area (Middelalderbyen), the street of antiques, the old fish market, the old harbor of the seventeenth century (Nyhavn), the Cathedral (Vor Frue Kirke), the Round Tower an astronomical observatory built in 1642. Do not miss a visit to Rosenborg Palace and to the park Kongens Have, Rosenborg is the place where the kings of Denmark lived until the eighteenth century, during the summer, in this building today are kept the Danish Crown Jewels and Royal Treasures.
Another attraction of the city center is the impressive Christiansborg Palace (Christiansborg Slot) with the Parliament and the Sale of Real Representation, the Thorvaldsen Museum, the old harbor with the famous Nyhavn canal, now surrounded by lively cafés and clubs, and the Royal Palace Amalienborg with the changing of the Guard, which takes place every day at 12 o’clock, the Little Mermaid, which is the symbol of the city, the neighborhood of Christiania the “free city” of the Hippies, still self-managed by protesters and marginalized.
Among the other things to see in Copenhagen are undoubtedly the famous Tivoli Gardens, the historic amusement park with many attractions, shows and restaurants also a perfect place to spend a pleasant evening. Copenhagen offers a great variety of restaurants and eateries, the city is a paradise for lovers of good food, there are hundreds of small shops selling all kinds of delicacies, from ice cream to the pastry.
Among the museums of Copenhagen should not miss a visit to the Nationalmuseet the National History Museum of Denmark. Among the museums of art, are to see the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, with collections of antiquities, painting and sculpture, the Statens Museum for Kunst that is the Danish national gallery, the Arken that is the Museum of Modern Art.
HOW TO GET THERE: FLIGHTS TO COPENHAGEN
The airport of Copenhagen, the Kastrup Airport, is the most important airport in the Nordic countries, with over twenty million passengers a year, is located on the island of Amager, 8 km south of the center of Copenhagen.
The Copenhagen airport is connected with major cities in Europe and many destinations in Asia, Middle East, America. Depart also from this airport flights to Greenland and the Faroe Islands (Vágar Airport).
To reach Copenhagen from the Airport the fastest way is the subway that has a station right inside the airport (line M2), the airport has also a railway station, there are also several bus lines which connect the airport to the city.
GETTING AROUND: METRO AND URBAN TRANSPORT IN COPENHAGEN
Very well developed is the public transport that consists of a network of trains, called ” S -tog “, bus and metro. There are four different rail systems:
1) Metro (Københavns metro): The Copenhagen Metro, work of Italian construction, fully automated, has two lines (M1 and M2) with 22 stations. The metro network in Copenhagen is perfectly integrated with other public transport in the city, with the same ticket you can take advantage of all types of public transport in the city. Tickets can be purchased at metro stations, where there are vending machines for tickets.
2) S -tog is a combined urban and sub- urban trains system with an extension of approximately 170 km, and with stations every 2 km in the area of Copenhagen.
3) Re-tog: are regional trains, with stops only in major stations.
4) Local Trains: making service in outlying areas of the metropolitan area of Copenhagen.
Bus: Is also highly developed the network of bus lines that serve the entire city, the company that manages them is the Movia.
Bicycles: A widely used means of transport in the city is bicycle, Copenhagen has a network of about 100 km of cycle paths.
The city provides public bicycles (Bycykler) free rent from a hundred booths throughout the city, to use them you pay a security deposit that will be returned at the release the bike.
Tickets are valid on buses, trains and in the subway. The system of public traffic in Copenhagen is divided into 95 zones. Zones 1 , 2 and 3 are those of the city center. The ticket machines are in every station, but tickets can also be bought in the stores of the main stations and on buses.
There are different combinations of tickets and subscriptions for tourists. Children under 12 years travel free when accompanied by an adult (up to a maximum of 2 per adult).
24 – hour ticket: The 24-hour ticket allows 24 hours of unlimited travel by bus, train and metro in all areas of the region of Copenhagen.
Flexcards 7 -days : FlexCard allows unlimited travel by bus, train and metro in all areas of the region of Copenhagen for 7 days.
CPH Card is a special ticket for tourists, is valid for 24 or 72 hours, the CPH Card offers unlimited travel by bus, train and subway across the region of Copenhagen. The Card gives you free admission to over 60 museums and tourist attractions.