The Argentine side of Iguazú Waterfalls is found in the northeast of the Argentine province of Misiones, along the border with Brazil, at about 17 kilometers from Puerto Iguazú. To preserve the waterfalls and the sub-tropical forest around the waterfalls have been created two national parks, the Parque Nacional Iguazú in Argentine and the Parque Nacional do Iguaçu in Brazil.
The Parque Nacional Iguazú, that occupies, on the Argentine side, an area of beyond 67,000 hectares, was created in 1934.
Interesting beyond the waterfalls is also the tropical area of forest that encircles them, it accommodates beyond 2000 floreal species, between which ferns and orchids; 450 species of birds between which toucans, urracas, teros, loros and vencejos this last species only lives in the area of Iguazú Falls; 80 species of mammals between which 5 species of felines; at last an enormous number of bugs between which the most colorful butterflies.
The park is open for visitors from 08.00 to 18.00, between 1 April and 31 August, and from 08.00 to 19.00 in the rest of the year. The entrance ticket costs Argentines $ 30 and includes the possibility of visiting all the paths along the waterfalls, the use of the train in the waterfalls, visit the Visitor’s Center, a visit to Isla San Martin and the Sendero Macuco.
WHAT TO VISIT ON THE ARGENTINE SIDE OF THE IGUAZÚ FALLS: THE MOST BEAUTIFUL SIGHTS
The first visit just inside the park can be made at the Visitor Center, where you can gather all the information you need for the visit opf the waterfalls. There are also exposed information regarding the history of human presence along the waterfalls from the first men who inhabited the region, through the Guarani, the Jesuits, the European settlers until the present national park. From Central Station, the Train de las Cataratas, transports visitors to the beginning of the paths and walkways which lead to beautiful viewpoints of the falls.
In the park there are different paths (paseos) that allow you to see the falls from different angles:
The Paseo Inferior, is a circular trail of 1,200 meters, which allows the viewing of the front and bottom of the falls, at distances ranging from broad overviews of the front of the falls to up close view of the Garganta del Diablo. The travel time of this path is two hours, the path is quite difficult due to the presence of gradients that are exceeded by stairs, the total difference in height is quantifiable as climbing the stairs of a building of eight floors.
The Paseo Superior, is a flat path, with no stairs, of 1,100 meters (round trip). The walkways pass over the falls, reaching to the edge of the jumps, allowing an aerial view of the falls. The travel time of this path is 1 hour.
The Garganta del Diablo: This trail can be reached by the train de las Cataratas, getting off at Garganta del Diablo. From the station you walk on level ground through a new walkway for 1,100 meters to reach the balconies on the edge of the wide Garganta del Diablo. This is undoubtedly the most spectacular view of the falls. The travel time of this path is 2 hours, it is important to remember that the last train leaves at 16.30.
The Paseo de la Isla San Martín: This is a difficult path, you reach the island via a free service of boats leaving from the Paseo Inferior. From here the trail reaches the top of the island of St. Martin whose rise is equivalent to climbing the stairs of a building of twelve floors.
The Sendero Macuco, is a hiking trail suitable for the observation of nature, through a path in the forest of 3,600 meters, you reach a waterfall 20 metres high in the middle of the forest.