Turkey is a country located between two continents, Europe and Asia, and has always been a meeting point, and even a confrontation point between different cultures.
The most famous city of the country, Istanbul, which began as Byzantium in the seventh century BC and became Constantinople in 330 AD, then to be called Istanbul since 1453, is the symbol of modern Turkey and that of the past, a city where East and West meet and blend.
Turkey has become one of the most visited countries in the world by tourists also for its seaside resorts along the Aegean Sea, as Kuşadası, Marmaris and Bodrum, and along the Mediterranean Sea as Antalya, Finike, Fethiye, Anamur, Silifke and Alanya.
The country is well known for its archaeological and historical sites, archaeological Turkey makes fulcrum on the sites of the Hittite civilization, as the capital Hattusa, but also on sites almost mythological as the ancient city of Troy, and the wonderful Greek and then Roman cities along the coast of the Aegean Sea, such as the ruins of Ephesus, Pergamon, Halicarnassus, Didyma, Magnesia, Miletus, Priene, while more inside are located the archaeological sites of Sardis, Aphrodisias and Hierapolis.
Along the southern coast of Turkey, the one that overlooks the Mediterranean Sea there are other ancient greek-roman cities with fascinating archaeological remains such as Xanthos, Aspendos, Perge, Termessos and Myra. In the interior of Anatolia the fascinating site with the statues of the temple of King Antiochus I of Commagene on the top of Nemrut Dağı which is an UNESCO World Heritage Site, is one of the most evocative places of Turkey.
The Byzantine art that reached its peak with the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, is visible in many places in Turkey as in the churches of Binbirkilise in the province of Karaman, in the remains of the city of Nicaea, in the walls of Diyarbakır, in the churches of Trebizond, and in the striking rock churches of Cappadocia near Göreme, set in a picturesque and unique landscape that is also a world heritage site by UNESCO.
The Seljuk rule, with the palaces and mosques of Konya and Sivas, and then the Ottoman Empire, the newest and most profound historical period that has left important traces in almost every city in Turkey, first of all, of course Istanbul with Suleymaniye Mosque (Süleymaniye Camii), the Blue Mosque (Sultanahmet Camii), Topkapı Palace and Mosque Sehzade (Sehzade Camii), but also cities like Edirne with the Selimiye Mosque (Selimiye Camii), the mosques of the city of Bursa, the great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği, the buildings of the city of Safranbolu. The Ottomans have left several buildings such as caravanserais, bazaars and baths that have entered the turkish way of life.
Turkey also has a rich and varied natural landscape, such as the natural landscape of the Taurus Mountains and the Anatolian plateau, with wonders often unique to the world as the rock formations of Cappadocia, the limestone terraces of Pamukkale, the scenic Lake Van with its volcanic peaks, and Mount Ararat, where according to tradition, Noah’s ark landed.