HOW TO GET TO TURKEY: FLIGHTS AND AIRPORTS
The plane is the best and fastest way to get to Turkey. The main airports are those of Ankara-Esenboga (ESB) and Istanbul-Ataturk (IST). The latter is the new airport of the city along the Black Sea. Other airports of some importance are those of Izmir-Adnan Menderes (Izmir) (IZM) and Sabiha-Gökçen (SAW), the latter airport is located at 40 km from Istanbul, on the Asian side.
Many airlines have flights to Turkey, in particular efficient connections are present between the main European and Asian cities with Istanbul and Ankara. The main tourist destinations along the Mediterranean Sea are also well served. The flag carrier is Turkish Airlines. The nation and in particular Istanbul is well served by direct flights with European countries.
Internal Flights: Internal connections are guaranteed by Turkish Airlines flights.
The site of the new Istanbul Airport.
HOW TO GET TO TURKEY: FERRIES
If you want to reach Turkey by sea there are ferry connections with Cyprus (Republic of Northern Cyprus), Ukraine, Greece (Lesbos, Chios, Rhodes, Samos, Cos) and Italy.
Connections to / from Greece: There are private summer ferry lines between the Turkish coast and the Greek islands generally: Ayvalik-Lesbos, Chios-Cesme, Samos-Kusadasi, Bodrum-Cos, Rhodes-Bodrum, Rhodes-Marmaris and Rhodes-Fethiye. Cos-Bodrum is the only car ferry that also operates in winter.
From / to Cyprus: Three ferry connections with cars and passenger ferries operate between: Girne-Alanya, Tasucu-Girne, Mersin-Gazimagusa.
Connections to / from Ukraine: Ferries connect Odessa and Istanbul.
From / to Italy: Direct ferries operate in the summer between Ancona-Cesme and Brindisi-Cesme.
HOW TO GET TO TURKEY: TRAINS
International railway connections: Turkey is connected with neighboring countries by some railways. The countries that have direct railway connections with Turkey are Greece, Bulgaria, Syria and Iran.
Internal railway network: The Turkish railway company, TCDD – Türkiye devlet Yolları Demir (Railways of the Turkish Republic) operates an 11,000 km railway network, but unfortunately, the trains are largely outdated and the routes are limited.
The climate of Turkey.