Salzburg is known worldwide due to the beauty of its Baroque architecture, the scenic layout of the city along the Salzach River, and the fact that Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in this city in 1756. In 1996, UNESCO declared the entire historical city on the banks of the river Salzach “World Cultural Heritage of Humanity.”
Among the main attractions of the city is the Salzburger Dom, the cathedral of medieval origin but rebuilt, between 1614 and 1628, in stupendous Baroque style by the two Italian architects Vincenzo Scamozzi and Santino Solari. Inside the cathedral are are worth seeing an old wooden organ and the baptismal font where Mozart was baptized.
Some of the other attractions are: the Abbey and Benedictine monastery of St. Peter (Erzabtei St. Peter), the Hohensalzburg Fortress, the Getreidegasse with the birthplace of Mozart, the Mozartplatz, the palace called Residenz, where resided the archbishops lords of the city, the ancient cemetery St. Petersfriedhof, the Church of St. Sebastian with its cemetery, the Mirabell Palace and the mannerist Hellbrunn palace with its famous fountains.
Since the end of July to mid August, the city hosts the famous Summer Festival (Salzburger Festspiele) and becomes the fulcrum of the European music world. Moreover Salzburg offers throughout the year a rich cultural program with over 4,000 events of all kinds. The city has conquered one of the first places among the top tourist destinations in the world as a city of fairs and congresses, in fact it hosts one of the most modern Meeting Centers in Europe: the “Salzburg Congress” which is located in Garden Mirabell in the center of the town. Attraction of December is the famous Christmas market of Salzburg or Advent market, which usually take place between late November and Christmas.
Salzburg is the main center of the Ski Amade ski area, the largest ski area in the European Union, made up of a network of 28 ski areas and cities, all connected by ski lifts or shuttle bus.
WHAT TO VISIT: SALZBURG MUSEUMS
Rich is the museum offer of Salzburg, including of course there are many museums devoted to Mozart and music, but in the city there are also interesting museums dedicated to toys, weapons, puppets, natural sciences and many art museums:
The Mozart’s Birthplace (Mozart Geburtshaus, Getreidegasse 9 A-5020 Salzburg), is the house where Mozart was born on January 27 1756, the museum houses portraits of family documents and instruments WA Mozart.
The House of Mozart (Mozart-Wohnhaus, Makartplatz 8 A-5020 Salzburg), this is the house where WA Mozart lived in the years between 1773 and 1780, there are objects of the Mozart family life and about the history of the building, in addition to an important audiovisual collection on Mozart and Salzburg modern composers.
Toys Museum and the Museum of Musical Instruments (Spielzeug Museum and Historische Musikinstrumente, Bürgerspitalgasse 2 5020 Salzburg), exposes a rich collection of toys and historical musical instruments.
In the Archbishop Residence (Residenz zu Salzburg, Residenzplatz 1 A-5010 Salzburg), you can visit the Halls, with the ancient archbishops rooms. In the Gallery Residence (Residenzplatz 1 A-5010 Salzburg) is find works of European painting from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century.
Inside the Fortress Hohensalzburg there are two museums: the Museum of the Fortress (Festungsmuseum, Festung Hohensalzburg Mönchsberg 34 A-5020 Salzburg), hosts weapons and testimonies of history and life in the fortress. The Museum of Marionettes (Marionettenmuseum) in the Fortress Hohensalzburg (Mönchsberg 34 A-5020 Salzburg), host a rich collection of pieces from the collection of the Marionette Theater in Salzburg.
The Cathedral Museum (Dommuseum zu Salzburg, Domplatz) hosts the Cathedral treasure, several works from the collection of the Archdiocese of Salzburg from the Middle Ages to the present, in addition to the Archbishop room of the wonders of the 17th and 18th century. The Museum of excavations of the Cathedral (Residenzplatz A-5020 Salzburg) presents the remains of the medieval cathedral and Roman buildings.
The Baroque Museum (Salzburger Barockmuseum, Mirabellplatz 3 Mirabell Garden 5020 Salzburg) presents sketches of European artists of the 17th and 18th century.
The Salzburg Museum (Mozartplatz 1/Nuova Residence A-5010 Salzburg) is a museum dedicated to the city of Salzburg.
The Panorama Museum (Panorama Museum, Salzburg Panorama-1829 Residenzplatz 9 A-5010 Salzburg), there is exposed the panorama of Salzburg painting by Johann Michael Sattler in 1829, the painting covers 125 square meters (26 meters in circumference).
The Museum of Natural History (Haus der Natur, Museumsplatz 5 A-5020 Salzburg), there are aquarium, reptiles, dinosaur hall, space lounge, the world of crystals, travel through the body.
Complete the offer of Salzburg museums, the Museum Carolino Augusteum Salzburg – Museum of Folklore (Folklore Museum, “Monatsschlössl” Hellbrunn A-5020 Salzburg); the Water Museum (Wassermuseum, Oskar Kokoschka-Weg Mönchsberg-A-5020 Salzburg); the Museum of Beer-Stiegl Brauwelt (Bräuhausstr 9 A-5020 Salzburg); the Technology Museum (Technologie-Museum, Minnesheimstrasse 8 / I A-5023 Salzburg); Michael Haydn Museum (Courtyard St. Peter A-5020 Salzburg); the Museum of Modern Art Rupertinum (Wiener Philharmoniker Gasse 9 A-5020 Salzburg); the Museum of Modern Art Salzburg Mönchsberg (Mönchsberg 32 A-5020 Salzburg); the Museum of Military History of Salzburg (Kommandogebäude Riedenburg Moosstrasse 1-3 A – 5020 Salzburg); the Hangar Museum-7 (Wilhelm-Strasse 7th Spazier-A-5020 Salzburg); the Museum and Research Center of Georg Trakl (Waagplatz 1st 5020 Salzburg).