The ancient city of Prague is concentrated in the five historic districts (Hradcany, Malá Strana, Staré Město, Nové Město and Vyšehrad), two of which, Hradcany and Malá Strana, are located on the left bank of the Vltava.
The oldest settlement is the Prague Castle (Hradcany), founded in the ninth century and around which arose the rest of the city, south of the castle lies the district of Malá Strana (Lesser Town), which was the neighborhood where lived the population of the German language and ethnicity of the city, and that up to half of the nineteenth century was the majority of the inhabitants of Prague.
On the right bank of the Vltava River are the other three districts, the medieval center of town is the district of Stare Mesto (Old Town), which also houses the Jewish Quarter (Josefov), to the south lies the district of Nové Mesto (New Town) dating from the fourteenth century, and finally further south, on a hill overlooking the Vltava River is the fort of Vyšehrad.
All the most important monuments, palaces and places of tourist interest of Prague are concentrated in this area that stretches for 4 km in length and 2.5 km in width, this area of the city lends itself well to a walking tour or for short distances using the efficient public transportation network of the city.
Prague is one of the most beautiful cities of Europe, there are many monuments and works of art of various styles, from Romanesque to Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque, which testify to its long history.
Prague is one of the most scenic cities in Europe, the city is characterized by the presence of the Citadel (Hrad) that dominates the rest of the city, here you will find the castle of medieval origin but expanded and modified in the eighteenth century, during the reign of Maria Theresa of Austria, thanks to the work of Italian artists.
Inside the citadel are some of the most interesting buildings in Prague, including the Royal Palace, St. Vitus Cathedral, the Basilica of St. George, the Royal Pavilion Belvedere and the Sternberg Palace.
For a beautiful view of the city should visit the former Strahov Monastery. If you want a quiet and relaxing atmosphere what it does for you is the Mala Strana district, full of typical streets with ancient buildings, are to visit the monumental Palace Waldstein and the Baroque Church of St. Nicholas.
The famous Charles Bridge (Karluv most) connects this district with the Stare Mesto (Old Town), in the central square of the Old Town (Stare Mesto) there are the Town Hall, the Church of Tyn and the monument to Jan Hus. Always at Stare Mesto (Old Town) are to visit the Powder Tower, the ancient Jewish Ghetto (with the Synagogue Staronova (1270), the Town Hall with the Hebrew clock, the Jewish Museum, the cemetery). Of modern Prague as not to omit the bustling Wenceslas Square. The city center can be easily turned on foot to reach it is convenient to use the Metro.
Places to visit: the beautiful Old Town (Stare Mesto, do not miss the superb synagogues and the cemetery of the Jewish Quarter), the Castle complex (which also includes the Cathedral) and the surrounding area (the Golden Lane and the Nový Svět one of the most characteristic streets of the city), Malá Strana (Lesser Town) with the beautiful Strahov Monastery and his wonderful library. Among the museums, the most important is the National Gallery, an art gallery of the first order.
TOURIST ATTRACTIONS AROUND PRAGUE:
BOHEMIAN CASTLES: Karlstejn Castle (built in the fourteenth century by Charles IV, the Chapel of the Holy Cross houses the crown jewels of the Bohemian kings, in the same chapel are the famous frescoes of Magister Theodoricus). Konopiste Castle (built in the fourteenth century). Krivoklat Castle. Zbraslav Castle. Zvikov Castle (old castle, the chapel is a jewel of the late Gothic (XV century) decorated with medieval paintings). Duchcov Castle (of Renaissance origin but rebuilt in the Baroque period, here stayed Giacomo Casanova).