Cesky Krumlov is a charming village in the Czech Republic, nestled in a bend of the river Vltava (Moldau), not far from the Austrian border. The historical center of Český Krumlov, in 1992, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The first mention of Český Krumlov is made in a document of 1253 where the place is referred to as “Crhumbenowe.” The city’s development took place with the government of the Lords von Rosenberg, from the beginning of the fourteenth century and until the sixteenth century. In this period were built new churches, monasteries and palaces, Cesky Krumlov became an important commercial center.
In 1601 the city was ceded to the Emperor Rudolf II, during the Thirty Years’ War suffered for several times the occupation of foreign troops (Imperial, Bavarian and Swedish).
WHAT TO SEE: MAIN ATTRACTIONS OF CESKY KRUMLOV
Located on the banks of the river Vltava (Moldau), halfway between Ceske Budejovice and the Lipno Lake, the town of Český Krumlov was built around the castle of the thirteenth century. It is an important example of a small medieval towns of central Europe, whose architecture has remained intact over the centuries.
Most of the buildings of the old town are in medieval, Renaissance and Baroque stiles, dating back to the XIV-XVII centuries, many buildings are externally decorated with frescoes or graffiti.
The castle of the thirteenth century, dominates the town and the Vltava river from the top of a cliff, and is the second Castle of the whole nation , after that of Prague, in size and importance, consists of two buildings connected to each other and lined by eighteenth-century gardens. The castle is open, and inside there are rooms and frescoed rooms, a beautiful courtyard decorated, an ancient baroque theater (1766), a frescoed Renaissance tower.
This beautiful town has more than 300 historic buildings in an absolutely incomparable atmosphere, the town is small and can be visited easily in a day, but to appreciate the atmosphere it is advisable to stay overnight at least one or two nights. Among the museums to remember the one dedicated to the painter Egon Schiele, who lived here for a period of his life.
In the vicinity there are several excursions to do, such as to the ancient monastery of Zlata Koruna, with a Gothic church and cloister of the thirteenth century, which is located just 10 km from the town. Vyssi Brod, an ancient cloister with a library and art gallery. Prachatice, a medieval town. Located at 30 km from Krumlov is the castle of Hluboka. Beautiful walks can be made in the near Šumava Mountains National Park, the largest national park in the Czech Republic.