The Czech Republic (Ceska Republika) occupies nearly the center of Europe, it is close between Germany, Poland, Austria and Slovakia, the country split with Slovakia from January 1, 1993, with which it formed Czechoslovakia, is today a parliamentary republic, which is part of the European Union.
The Czech Republic is composed of two main regions, to the west lies the Bohemia, that is the largest region of the country and that is where is the capital city of Prague, while in the east, toward Slovakia, is the Moravia. The Czech Silesia is a small area located in the north-eastern part of the Czech Republic, most of the historical Silesia is in Poland today.
From the geographical point of view the Czech Republic is made up of hills and plains surrounded by mountainous areas of low altitudes. Crossing by the river Elbe and its tributaries, the country is closed to the north-east by the Sudetes Mountains, to the north-west by the Ore Mountains, while to the south-west lie the mountains of the Bohemian Forest. The highest mountain in the Czech Republic is Mount Snezka (1602 meters) which is located in the Giant Mountains, in the chain of the Sudetes on the border with Poland.
Main rivers are the Elbe (with the tributaries Vltava and Ohre) and Morava. The Bohemian river par excellence is the Vltava, which originates from the Bohemian Forest, hit the region from south to north, wetting Prague, and flows after more than 440 km to the Elbe in Melník. The Moravia belongs almost entirely to the Danube Basin, from which drops the Morava, which arises from the Sudetenland and crosses the territory from north to south. Silesia pays instead to the Oder, which in Moravia has the first section of its course.
- Area: 78,866 sqkm
- Population: 10,211,000 Czechs (94.2%, out of which 3.7% claimed Moravian ethnicity and 0.1% Silesian in the 2001 census). The largest minorities are Slovaks (1.9%), Poles (0.5%), Vietnamese (0.44%) Germans (0.4%), and Gypsy people.
- State Capital: Prague
- Language: The only official language in the Czech Republic is Czech, which is spoken by 96 % of the population.
- Religion: mainly Roman Catholic and Protestant minority.
- Currency: Czech crown (CZK).
- Time: The Czech Republic lies in the UTC +1 time zone, usually referred to as Central European Time (CET). (Summer Daylight saving time UTC+2).