The island of Lombok is located between the islands of Bali and Sumbabwa and is part of the Lesser Sunda Islands. The largest town on the island is Mataram, which is located in its western part. Lombok is crossed by two parallel chains of mountains, the southern chain is formed by limestone cliffs, while the northern chain is formed from volcanic systems including the majestic Mount Rinjani. The southern part of the island because of its limestone is poorer of water, while the northern region rich of volcanic soil is very fertile.
The island is dominated by the volcanic cone of Mount Rinjani (Gunung Rinjani), which rises to 3726 meters above sea level, this impressive volcano is the third highest mountain in Indonesia. Its most recent eruption was in May of 2010. Inside the volcano is a volcanic lake, both the volcano and the lake are part of the National Park established in 1997.
Lombok has much in common with nearby Bali, but less well-known and less-visited by foreigners. The island has a total area of about 4,725 sqkm. and a population of 3,166,000 in 2010 (mainly Sasak (85%), Balinese (14%)). The island produce corn, coffee, tobacco, rice and cotton.
Tourism is becoming an important source of income thanks to the beauty of the beaches, the most beautiful beach area is that of Kuta-Tanjung Aan in the Southern coast of the island, but also because of the natural beauty of Mount Rinjani and the Gili Islands.
HOW TO GET TO LOMBOK
Lombok is served by the new Lombok International Airport (LOP), which is located in the south-central plains of the island. The airport is connected by frequent flights with the island of Bali and other cities and islands of Indonesia, there are also some flights with Malaysia and Singapore.
By sea the island is connected by fast ferries with Bali and by ferry to Sumbawa.