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Azerbaijan: natural landscapes and historical remains

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Azerbaijan (Azarbaijchan Respublikasi) is a presidential republic of South-Central Asia located in the South Caucasus, bordered to the west by Armenia and Georgia, to the north by Russia, to the south by Iran, while in the east it is washed by the Caspian Sea. Azerbaijan has for capital the city of Baku. A city with an interesting mix of historic buildings and ultra-modern buildings.

Azerbaijan territory including the autonomous province of Nagorno-Karabakh and the autonomous republic of Nahičevan, enclosed between Armenia, Iran and Turkey, and separated by a strip of Armenian territory from the rest of Azerbaijan.


The territory of Azerbaijan is predominantly mountainous, there are three major mountain ranges that cross the country, towards the north, along the border with Russia are the mountains of the Greater Caucasus, where rises the highest mountain in the country, Mount Bazardüzü Dağı (4,485 metres), to the west, along the border with Armenia is the chain of the Lesser Caucasus, between the two mountainous systems extends the valley of the Kur River, the main river in the country, which flows in the Caspian Sea. Situated at the south of the country along the border with Iran are the Talysh Mountains.

The economy of Azerbaijan is based on the extractive and refining of hydrocarbons, due to the rich deposits of oil and natural gas in the country. Great importance have also agriculture (rice, cereals, cotton, tobacco, fruit, tea, citrus fruits, maize) and livestock (cattle, sheep, silkworms).

  • Area: 86,600 sqkm. (Arable 23%, Pastures 25%, Forests and Woodlands 11%, Uncultivated and Unproductive 41%)
  • Population: 8,600,000 (2008 data) (Azeris 87%, Talysh 5%, Lezgins 2%, Russians 1,7%, Armenians 1,5%).
  • State Capital: Baku.
  • Languages: Azerbaijani language is the only official state language. Spoken the Russian.
  • Religion: Muslim 95% (Shia 80%, Sunni 15%), Orthodox Christian 3%.
  • Currency: Manat (AZN)
  • Time: UTC +4 hours (Summer UTC +5 hours).



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