The Armenia tourist attractions are remarkable for the traveler interested in history. The best known of which are its numerous and ancient monasteries and churches. But the country also has interesting landscape and natural beauties.
Among the most important tourist attractions of Armenia are the sites that UNESCO has included in the elanco of the world heritage of humanity: the Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin (1996, 2000), the Cathedral and the Churches of Echmiatsin and the archaeological site of Zvartnots (2000), the Geghard Monastery and the Upper Azat Valley (2000).
THE MONASTERIES OF HAGHPAT AND SANAHIN
The Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin: They are two Byzantine monasteries located in the Tumanian region, in northern Armenia, they were important centers of knowledge during the Kiurikian dynasty (X-XIII century). These two monasteries represent the highest level reached by Armenian religious architecture, whose unique style is a mixture of Byzantine elements and traditional architecture of the Caucasus regions. Both monasteries were founded in the 10th century, a few km away from each other. The buildings are located in a dominant position on the deep valley formed by the Dzoraget river. It is an idyllic and wonderful natural place.
THE CATHEDRAL AND THE CHURCHES OF ECHMIATSIN
The Cathedral and Churches of Echmiatsin (Ejmiatsin) and the archaeological site of Zvartnots: The Cathedral and Churches of Echmiatsin (Ejmiatsin) and the archaeological site of Zvartnots, represent the evolution and development of the type of church typical of the country with plan cross and central dome. The St. Echmiadzin cathedral which was built in the 5th century is now the seat of Armenian Catholics. Also interesting is the museum housed inside the cathedral, which displays treasures of Armenian art, relics and archaeological remains.
THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF ZVARTNOTS
Zvartnots, is a very suggestive complex of structures, built in the mid-seventh century near Echmiatsin (Ejmiatsin). At the time of its construction it was the most important cathedral of Armenia. The complex of ruins is formed by the cathedral of San Giorgio (Zvartnots) and the palace of Nerses III.
OTHER MONASTERIES AND CHURCHES
Geghard Monastery and the Upper Azat Valley: The Geghard Monastery, located a few km north of Garni, contains numerous churches and tombs. Most of which are carved out of the rock and represent the pinnacle of Armenian medieval architecture. The complex of medieval buildings is located in a landscape of great natural beauty, surrounded by cliffs at the entrance of the Azat Valley. The church carved into the oldest rock of the monastery that of St Gregory dates back to the seventh century. While the main structure of the complex, the church of the Virgin, with a cruciform plan, dates back to the thirteenth century.
Other interesting places to visit in the country are the Haghartsin Monastery, which is located near the city of Dilijan. This monastery is made up of a series of monastic constructions including three churches and several chapels. The main church is that of St. Astvatsatsin, built in 1281, while the oldest is that of St Grigor which dates back to the 11th century.
Another interesting building is the Tatev Monastery, founded in the 9th century. This monastery sits on a rocky cliff strategically located to dominate a canyon below. The most important building of the monastery is the church of Pogos and Petros (Peter and Paul) built between the 9th and 10th centuries. Inside, some 10th century frescoes are still visible.