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Cala Trebalúger, Menorca, Balearic Islands, Spain. Author Gabriel Vidal Álvarez. No Copyright
Cala Trebalúger, Menorca, Balearic Islands, Spain. Author Gabriel Vidal Álvarez

Spain climate: when to go to Spain

The climate of Spain is generally divided into three different types of climate: Continental climate in the central regions, Mediterranean climate in the south and Oceanic climate in the north-west.

Besides these three main climates, Spain has a climate of Alpine character on the highest peaks of the Pyrenees, while the climate in the Murcia region is a semi-arid climate, the Canary Islands enjoy a mild sub​​-tropical and semi-arid climate.

SPAIN OCEANIC CLIMATE

The oceanic climate is characteristic of northern Spain, often called “Green Spain”, the area affected by this kind of weather lies to the west of the Pyrenees up to the coast of Galicia. The climate of this area is characterized by relatively mild winters and hot but not muggy summers, the rains are abundant and distributed throughout the year.

Map of climatic zones in Spain

Map of climatic zones in Spain

The north and the north-west of the country, particularly along the Atlantic coast benefits from the influence of the Gulf Stream and through this has a mild climate and high humidity. In fact, the depressions coming from the ocean causing frequent rain, dense fog along the coast and often cloudy days, autumn is the wettest season, while the summer it is usually sunny but temperatures are cooler than in the rest of Spain.

Temperatures vary little between between day and night and also on a seasonal basis. The distance from the ocean reduces the intensity of rainfall that gradually decreases moving towards the east.

SPAIN CONTINENTAL CLIMATE

This type of climate affects most of the Iberian Peninsula, influencing the Meseta Central and the basin of the river Ebro.

Toledo, Spain. Author and Copyright Marco Ramerini

Toledo, Spain. Author Marco Ramerini

The climate of these areas is characterized by important differences in both temperature between day and night and between the different seasons, and erratic and poor rainfall, with annual averages between 300 mm and 600 mm.

The northern Meseta and the Ebro River Basin have two rainy seasons, the one relatively more intense between April and June and then the second between October and November. The southern Meseta zone has two rainy seasons, but inverted, in fact the wettest period is autumn, while another shorter rainy season occurs in March.

The Spanish Meseta and Central Highlands are located in a continental climate, which causes a type of climate with strong seasonal variations in temperature, the summers are hot and winters very cold. Also spring and autumn can be rainy. In the mountains during winter snows in abundance. Summer temperatures undergo major variations between day and night going from 30-40°C of the day to 10°C of the night.

Lanzarote, Canary Islands, Spain. Author GanMed64. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution

Lanzarote, Canary Islands, Spain. Author GanMed64

SPAIN MEDITERRANEAN CLIMATE

The area of Spain with Mediterranean climate extends along the coast south of the Pyrenees to Andalusia. The Mediterranean area enjoys mild winters, long dry summers, rainy autumns and wonderful springs, usually a breeze from the sea mitigates the summer heat, while the extreme southern regions are interested in summer by warm winds coming from northern Africa. Average winter temperatures along the coast are around 10-13°C, while in the inner regions of Andalusia are a few degrees lower. In summer, average temperatures are around 22-27°C along the coast and 29-31°C in inland areas.

WHEN TO GO TO SPAIN

Spring and autumn are without doubt the best times to travel in Spain. Spring is the ideal season to visit the central regions of Castile, Andalusia, the Mediterranean coast and the Balearic Islands. Summer is the best time to visit the northern regions, especially the Cantabrian coast, Galicia and the Camino de Santiago. Autumn is probably the best time of year to visit the entire country, the climate is excellent, with sunny days and blue skies. During the winter the mountains both north and south offer excellent opportunities for winter sports.

Climate of Andalusia.

Climate of the Balearic Islands.

Climate of the Canary Islands.

Climate of Madrid.

SPAIN CLIMATE TABLES

Madrid

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Rain (mm)

35

36

39

45

43

31

10

11

34

48

53

44

Min Temp (°C)

0

2

3

6

9

13

16

16

13

8

4

2

Max Temp (°C)

11

12

16

17

22

28

32

32

28

20

14

11

Barcelona

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Rain (mm)

38

37

47

47

44

38

27

44

76

96

51

44

Min Temp (°C)

4

5

7

8

12

16

19

19

17

12

8

6

Max Temp (°C)

13

14

16

17

20

24

27

28

26

21

17

14

Valencia

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Rain (mm)

36

32

35

37

34

23

9

19

51

74

51

52

Min Temp (°C)

7

8

9

11

14

18

21

21

18

14

10

8

Max Temp (°C)

16

17

18

20

22

26

29

30

28

24

19

17

Santiago de Compostela

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Rain (mm)

259

223

145

141

147

82

39

57

127

194

200

281

Min Temp (°C)

3

4

5

6

8

11

13

13

12

9

6

5

Max Temp (°C)

11

12

14

15

18

21

24

24

22

18

14

12

Costa del Sol Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sea Water Temperature (°C) 15 14 14 15 17 18 21 24 25 24 21 18
Lanzarote (Canary Islands) Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sea Water Temperature (°C) 18 18 17 17 18 20 20 21 22 22 20 19
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