Thailand (Prathet T’hai, Kingdom of Thailand) is a constitutional monarchy in South East Asia, with capital Bangkok, which occupies part of the Indochina peninsula and the north section of the Malay peninsula.
Bordered to the west and north-west with Burma, to the north-east and east with Laos, to the south-east with Cambodia to the south with Malaysia, to the south-west is washed by the Andaman Sea and to the east by the Gulf of Siam.
The country has a very diverse territory in the north-west dominate the mountains, sometimes exceeding 2,000 metres high, as in the outskirts of the city of Chiang Mai, where stands the highest mountain in Thailand, Doi Inthanon, (2,565 metres).
The north-eastern region is in part occupied from the Khorat Plateau, a series of undulations placed between 100 and 200 meters high, in this area much of the border with Laos is marked by the Mekong river, the largest river of Indochina peninsula. The center of the country is characterized by a wide valley where flows the Chao Phraya River, the most important river of Thailand, which forms a large, populated and intensely cultivated plain, in this region, near the sea, is also the capital Bangkok.
The part of Thai territory that occupies the Malay peninsula is made up of narrow coastal plains and isolated peaks, the coast of the Gulf of Siam is often low and bordered from lagoons and islands (Ko Samui (228 sq km), Phangan (168 sq km) , etc..), while that of the Andaman Sea is rocky, jagged and full of islands (Phuket (543 sq km), Phi Phi Islands, Ko Lanta Yai, etc..).
Thai economy is a economy in strong development, agriculture has as strength the rice cultivation practiced in the vast plain of the Chao Phraya River, regarding rice production Thailand is one of the leading world producers. Among other crops are maize, cassava, peanuts, tobacco, sorghum, beans, sweet potatoes, fruits (bananas, pineapples, citrus fruits, mangoes), cotton, sugarcane.
Thailand is the first world producer of rubber, cultivated in the region of the Malay peninsula. The forest resources are rich in valuable wood, including teak, ebony, sandalwood and yang. Of great importance are fishing (herring, anchovies, mackerel) and livestock (cattle, buffaloes, pigs and poultry). The subsoil is rich in tin (one of the first world producers), tungsten, iron, lead, precious stones (sapphire), oil and natural gas. The industries are concentrated almost exclusively in the capital Bangkok, more developed areas are textile, food, chemical, petrochemical and engineering. An area of great economic importance is tourism.
- Area: 513,115 km². (Arable 40%, Pastures 1%, Forests and Woodlands 26%, Uncultivated and Unproductive 33%)
- Population: 62,828,000 (2006) (Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, Malay 2%)
- State Capital: Bangkok.
- Languages: Official language is Thai.
- Religion: Buddhist 95%, Muslim 4,6%, Christian 0,75%.
- Currency: Baht (THB)
- Time: UTC +7 hours.