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Tajikistan: the high mountain ranges of the Pamir and Alay

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Tajikistan (Jumhurii Tojikistan) is a presidential republic in Central Asia, bordering to the north with Kyrgyzstan, to the east with China, to the south with Afghanistan, to the west and north-west with Uzbekistan, the capital and principal cities of the country is Dushanbe. The state of Tajikistan also includes the autonomous province of Gorno-Badachšan.


The territory of Tajikistan is largely mountainous, there are two major chains that cross the country, to the north-west are the Trans-Alaj mountains, while to the south-east rises Pamir massif, these two chains have many glaciers and some peaks exceeding 7,000 meters.

Tajikistan’s highest mountain is Mount Ismail Samani (7,495 meters), known in the past as the Peak of Communism. Other impressive peaks are Independence Peak (Lenin Peak, 7,134 meters), Korzhenevskaya Peak (7,105 meters) and Avicenna Peak (6,974 meters). The few plains of the country are located along the courses of the Syrdarja river, which forms the Fergana valley, and the Amudarja, Kafirnigan, Vahs and Pjandz rivers. Among the lakes, the largest in the country, Lake Kara-Kul (380 sq km) is located at 3,900 meters high and is located inside a crater formed by a meteorite.

The economy of Tajikistan is linked to agriculture (cotton, wheat, rice, corn, barley, vegetables, potatoes and fruit (apples, grapes)), breeding (sheep, cattle and goats), and to the important resources of the subsoil (coal, oil, lead, zinc, natural gas, iron, antimony, gold and silver). The industry in the country has developed in the mining, chemical, textile areas, and processing of agricultural products and livestock.

  • Area: 143,100 sqkm. (Arable 6%, Pastures 25%, Forests and Woodlands 4%, Uncultivated and Unproductive 65%)
  • Population: 7,320,000 (2006 data) (Tajiks 80%, Uzbeks 15%, Russians 1%,, Kyrgyzs 1%).
  • State Capital: Dushanbe.
  • Languages: Tajik language is the only official state language. Spoken the Russian.
  • Religion: Muslim 90% (Sunni), Orthodox Christian 2%.
  • Currency: Somoni (TJS)
  • Time: UTC +5 hours.



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