Tahiti (about 178,000 inhabitants), the largest (1,048 square kilometers) of the islands of French Polynesia, is the beating heart of the region, the capital Papeete is located here, and here lives about 70% of the population of all the islands of French Polynesia.
The island of Tahiti is an island of volcanic origin, it consists of two parts, Tahiti Nui and Tahiti Iti, connected by a narrow isthmus, the island is full of mountains, here is also the highest mountain in French Polynesia, Mount Orohena, that reaches 2,241 meters.
The Tahitians are concentrated along the narrow coastal strip, the mountains of the interior do not allow settlements. The interior of the island is still a wild beauty with majestic peaks covered with vegetation and waterfalls. While the coast is characterized by beaches of black volcanic sand.
Tahiti was discovered by European navigators in 1767, was the Englishman Samuel Wallis to sight it, and as the first European to land on the island, he brought back enthusiastic comments because of the peaceful and free disposition of the inhabitants, the mildness of the climate and the beauty of nature.
Also the expeditions that followed, there came the Frenchman Louis de Bougainville in 1768, and the Englishman James Cook in three successive trips, had the same enthusiastic experiences, all contributed to the rise to the myth of the islands of the South Seas, the myth that a large part is still present in the collective imagination.
In front of the west coast of Tahiti is located on the island of Moorea which is about ten kilometers from Tahiti. Beautiful are the sunsets that can be seen on Moorea and its mountains from Papeete and the airport area of Faaa. The coral atoll of Tetiaroa that has been privately owned by the American actor Marlon Brando until his death is about 50 km north of Tahiti.
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