New York is located at the mouth of the Hudson River in the Atlantic Ocean, the city lies on several islands (Manhattan, Staten Island, Long Island) and on land, and is made up of 5 districts of Brooklyn, Bronx, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island. New York, famous for its skyscrapers, is now the most populous U.S. cities with more than 8,000,000 inhabitants, whereas the metropolitan area are nearly 19,000,000, the city is a world hub with regard to finance, commerce, culture and industry, its port and its airport are among the largest in the world, also is home to numerous global institutions like the United Nations.
The Bay of New York was discovered, in 1524, from Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano, but the area was colonized only at the beginning of the seventeenth century by the Dutch, in 1626 they founded in the island of Manhattan a fort called Amsterdam, around which was built the city of Nieuw Amsterdam (now New York), capital of the colony of New Netherlands (Nieuw Holland), a Dutch colony which stretched from Connecticut to Delaware and inland up to Albany.
In 1664, during the Second Anglo-Dutch War, the British occupied the city and renaming it in honor of the Duke of York, New York, with the Treaty of Breda (1667) the city was awarded to the British, but during the third Anglo-Dutch War in 1673 the Dutch regained the city, and held possession of it until 1674 when it was ceded newly to Great Britain. In the following centuries New York grew significantly, becoming the most important and populous city in the United States of America.
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