Mongolia has a typical continental climate, dry and rigid with cold and dry winters, and warm and relatively rainy summers, the springs are extremely windy, winds, usually carrying dust particles from the desert.
The rainfall is very scarce throughout Mongolia, and vary between 100 mm a year in the lowland of the desert of Gobi, and 350 mm in the mountainous areas of the Altai and Hangaj, the rainy months are the summer months, between June and August. Snow is not very abundant due to low winter precipitation.
The winters are very long and very cold, the winter average minimum temperatures vary in the country between -20°C and -30°C and remain below freezing between October and April, the winter average maximum temperatures vary between -5°C and -15°C, the coldest month is January. In summer, the average minimum temperatures reach a maximum in July between 15°C and 10°C, while the average maximum temperature in summer are scoring values between 20°C and 28°C.
During the winter, all the rivers and lakes of Mongolia freeze, also the ground remains frozen for many months of the year, in most of the country the soil is ice-free in summer months only.
WHEN TO GO TO MONGOLIA
The best months to visit Mongolia are the months of summer and late spring, between May and August.
MONGOLIA CLIMATIC TABLES
|ULAN BATOR (1350 metres)|
|Month||Average low (°C)||Average high (°C)||Precip. (mm)||Precip. days (snowy days)|