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Punta Sur, Cozumel, Mexico. Author Ken Thomas. No Copyright
Punta Sur, Cozumel, Mexico. Author Ken Thomas

Mexico climate: when to go to Mexico

Mexico has a climate that varies greatly depending on the altitude of the different areas of the country, the  Mexican climate is indeed divided, depending on the height, into four climatic zones: the tierras calientes, the tierras templadas, the tierras frias and the tierras heladas.

As for the large extent of the country from north to south, the climate changes from the desert climate of the north to the tropical – equatorial climate of the south. The Tropic of Cancer divides climatically Mexico, south of the Tropic are areas prone to tropical climate, while to the north are areas subject to a temperate climate.

Returning to the climatic division for height, the so-called tierras calientes are those areas of Mexico that are found at altitudes below 600 meters, in general, are areas with a tropical climate, high humidity with constant temperatures around 25 ° C and relatively high rainfall, with average annual precipitation values ​​sometimes exceeding 1,500 mm, the areas in this climate are the Yucatan Peninsula and the plains of Chiapas and the Isthmus of Tehuantepec.

Tulum, Quinatana Roo, Mexico. Author PhilippN. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike

Tulum, Quinatana Roo, Mexico. Author PhilippN

The tierras templadas are found at altitudes between 700 and 1,600 meters, temperatures are around 20 ° C, with discrete changes in temperature between day and night, especially in the summer months, the rains occur mainly in the summer months between June and September and reaching annual averages around 1,000 mm.

The tierras frias are found at altitudes between 1,600 and 2,800 meters, in this climatic zone is also the capital, Mexico City (2,420 meters high), the climate here is temperate, the rainy season is the summer between June and September, on average this area has  values ​​around 800 mm of rain per year.

Finally, the tierras heladas are the areas of Mexico at heights over 2,800 meters, the climate here is kind of mountain, in these areas glaciers and perennial snows are present at heights over 4,800 meters.

WHEN TO GO TO MEXICO

Due to the wide variety of climate Mexico can be visited at any time of year, each area has, however, his best season to visit. The coastal areas are hot and humid throughout the year, while the highlands have mild temperatures even in winter, where the dry season runs from November to April and this is the best time to visit the highlands of Mexico.

Along the tropical coasts of the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean the winter and spring months, between November and April are the best for a trip, while the summer months are the wettest and the risk of tropical cyclones is high, the most cyclones occurs in the months between August and October, although the cyclone season extends from June to November.

The climate of Mexico City.

MEXICO CLIMATIC TABLES

MEXICO CITY (Tacubaya) (2308 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 7,4 21,7 7,6  2,2
February 8,5 23,4 7,0  2,5
March 10,4 25,7 8,9  4,1
April 12,3 26,8 22,5  6,8
May 13,2 26,8 66,5  12,9
June 13,5 25,3 140,0  18,7
July 12,5 23,8 189,5  23,2
August 12,7 23,9 171,2  20,9
September 12,7 23,3 139,8  18,2
October 11,2 22,9 72,4  9,6
November 9,7 22,9 12,6  3,8
December 8,1 21,9 8,2  2,0
YEAR 11,0 24,0 846,1  124,8

ACAPULCO (30 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 23,3 30,4 14,8 1,0
February 23,5 30,4 5,8 0,4
March 23,5 30,4 2,2 0,3
April 24,0 30,8 3,2 0,2
May 25,1 31,6 26,1 2,6
June 25,2 31,9 263,6 12,4
July 25,1 32,3 246,9 12,4
August 25,1 32,2 295,2 13,6
September 24,7 31,6 309,6 14,3
October 25,1 31,7 138,8 7,9
November 24,8 31,4 20,1 1,7
December 24,1 30,9 10,8 0,8
YEAR 24,5 31,3 1336,8 67,6
CABO SAN LUCAS (20 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 13,0 25,4 11,7 1,2
February 12,7 25,9 3,4 0,4
March 13,5 26,9 1,8 0,3
April 15,4 29,0 1,3 0,1
May 17,0 30,7 0,1 0,1
June 19,0 31,7 0,0 0,0
July 22,8 33,3 13,3 1,1
August 24,2 33,7 48,5 2,9
September 23,9 33,0 82,3 3,3
October 21,4 32,1 32,2 1,6
November 17,5 29,4 11,5 0,7
December 14,5 26,8 14,5 1,0
YEAR 17,9 29,8 220,6 12,7
CANCUN (10 metres)
Month Average low (°C) Average high (°C) Precip. (mm) Precip. days
January 19,8 28,3 104 9,4
February 20,3 29,4 49 5,9
March 21,0 30,7 44 5,0
April 22,6 32,2 41 4,1
May 23,9 33,5 86 6,7
June 24,7 33,7 138 11,0
July 24,8 34,3 78 9,3
August 24,6 34,8 87 9,7
September 24,3 33,7 182 14,0
October 23,3 31,6 272 16,4
November 21,9 29,8 130 11,4
December 20,5 28,6 86 9,8
YEAR  22,6  31,7 1300 112,7

ACAPULCO
Month Sea Water Temperature °C
January 28
February 28
March 28
April 28
May 29
June 29
July 30
August 30
September 29
October 29
November 29
December 29

CABO SAN LUCAS (BAJA CALIFORNIA)
Month Sea Water Temperature °C
January 23
February 22
March 22
April 22
May 22
June 23
July 26
August 28
September 28
October 28
November 26
December 24
CANCUN
Month Sea Water Temperature °C
January 25
February 25
March 26
April 26
May 27
June 27
July 28
August 29
September 29
October 28
November 27
December 26

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