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Petra, Jordan. Author Javier Losa. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution.
Petra, Jordan. Author Javier Losa

Jordan: ancient cities and desert landscapes

Jordan (Al-Mamlaka al-Urdunniya al-Hashimiya) is a constitutional monarchy in the Middle East, which is bordered to the north by Syria, to the north-east by Iraq, to the south and south-east by Saudi Arabia, to the west with Israel, towards the south-west is washed by the Red Sea. The most important city is the capital Amman.

Jordan is composed of arid territory, formed in part by a plateau with an average altitude between 600 and 900 meters and for the most part by Syriac Desert which extends east to the border with Iraq. Along the border with Israel are the Jordan Valley and Dead Sea depression, the maximum depression of the planet, which is 420 meters below sea level.

The southern region of the country is characterized by deep canyons and steep hills, which reach 1,854 meters at the Jabal Umm Dami, the highest mountain of Jordan. The only river is the Jordan.

Jordan Map

Jordan Map

The economy of the country is a poor economy, agriculture is a character-only livelihood, are cultivated mainly cereals (wheat, barley, sorghum and maize), lentils, beans, potatoes, bananas, apples, tomatoes, onions, citrus fruits (oranges, tangerines, grapefruit, lemons), tobacco, figs, olive trees and date palms. A certain importance is coated by breeding (sheep, goats). Among the mineral resources are phosphates, the main resource of the country, potassium salts and copper. The industry is based on processing of local agricultural products and textiles. An important source of wealth is given by tourism.

  • Area: 89,342 sqkm. (Arable 5%, Pastures 9%, Forests and Woodlands 1%, Uncultivated and Unproductive 85%)
  • Population: 5,924,000 (2007 data)
  • State Capital: Amman.
  • Languages: The official language is Arabic.
  • Religion: Muslim 92%, Christian 6%.
  • Currency: Jordanian dinar (JOD)
  • Time: UTC +2 hours (Summer UTC +3 hours).

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