Ireland or Eire (Republic of Ireland/Poblacht na hÉireann) is a parliamentary republic, which occupies most of the island of the same name. Only the north-eastern section the so-called Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom. The Republic of Ireland is made up of the 4 regions Leinster, Munster, Ulster and Connaught, divided into 26 counties. Dublin is the capital of the country. The other cities of a certain size are Cork, Limerick, Galway and Dun Laoghaire, the latter city being at the outskirts of Dublin.
The island of Ireland is located on the west coast of Great Britain, from which it is separated by the Irish Sea and St. George’s Channel to the south, and by the North Channel to the north. Ireland faces north, west and south the Atlantic Ocean and is bordered to the north by Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom.
The island has a profile characterized by low rolling hills and plains. The interior is a vast lowland surrounded by low mountains and hilly areas. The island of Ireland has undergone a heavy modeling by glaciers during the Pleistocene, in particular, such erosion caused the Irish gentle reliefs.
Sometimes, along the coast, are isolated peaks, as the mountains of Karry in the south-west of the island, where there is the highest mountain in the country the mountain Carrantuohill with 1,041 meters. Other low mountains are located to the east, where are the Wicklow Mountains, while to the north-west are the mountains of Donegal and to the west are the Mayo Mountains and the Connemara Mountains.
The coasts form wide bays that penetrate deep into the interior, especially along the west coast, the one facing the Atlantic Ocean. The coasts are sometimes low and sandy, and sometimes, as in the case of the famous Cliffs of Moher, are high and spectacular. There are a large number of lakes called loughs, marshes, heaths, bogs and meadows. These areas are common in the basin of the River Shannon and in the Connemara.
English text correction by Dietrich Köster.
- Area: 70,283 sq km
- Population: 4,200,000
- State Capital: Dublin
- Language: English and Irish (Gaelic) are the official languages of the Republic of Ireland and street and road signs are all bilingual. In Gaeltacht areas Irish is spoken daily; however, everyone also speaks English.
- Religion: Predominantly Roman Catholics. Protestant minority.
- Currency: Euro (EUR)
- Time: Ireland is on Greenwich Mean Time (GMT/UTC)) and, in accordance with daylight saving, clocks are put forward one hour mid-March and back one hour at the end of October.