British Columbia is a province of western Canada, located at the west end of the country along the shores of the Pacific Ocean. With an area four times the Great Britain, is the second largest province in Canada (excluding territories), after Quebec.
The province, which is washed by the Pacific Ocean to the west, bordered to the north with Alaska and the Yukon and the Northwest Territories, the Canadian Rockies to the east mark the border with the Province of Alberta while in the south it borders with the United States of America (Washington State, Idaho and Montana).
British Columbia, has a jagged coastline along the Pacific Ocean, fronted by numerous islands, including Vancouver Island (32,134 km ²), where is the provincial capital, Victoria. Other major islands are those of the group of Queen Charlotte Islands, whose two main islands are Graham Island (6,361 km ²) and Moresby Island (2,608 km ²). The territory of British Columbia is mostly mountainous, along the coast lies the chain of Coast Mountains, whose highest peak is Mount Waddington (4,019 meters).
To the north of the Coast Mountains, is the highest mountain in British Columbia, Mount Fairweather (4,671 meters) located near the coast, on the border with Alaska, in the Fairweather Range. The interior of the country consists of a large plateau, crossed by rivers Columbia, Stikine, Skeena and Fraser, and rich in lakes, often long and narrow between these the Okanagan Lake, Kootenay Lake and the Shuswap Lake. British Columbia also has the highest mountain in the Canadian Rockies, Mount Robson (3,954 meters). Finally, there are numerous volcanoes in the region including: Mount Silverthrone (2,865 meters), Mount Meager (2,680 meters), Mount Garibaldi (2,678 meters), Mount Edziza (2,787 meters).
WHAT TO SEE IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
Located between the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific Ocean, British Columbia is famous for its beautiful natural landscapes, with mountains, rivers, waterfalls, glaciers, fjords, lakes and islands. For those visiting the British Columbia natural beauties are the main reason for a trip. To just outside the city of Vancouver nature manifests itself in spectacular scenery as along the Howe Sound along the road to Squamish and the ski resort of Whistler.
British Columbia has 3 sites entered in the UNESCO World Heritage Site: SGang Gwaay (Anthony Island), a small island in the Queen Charlotte Islands, where lie the remains of the small Indian village of Ninstints, witness the culture of the Haida Indians. The complex of glaciers on the border between Canada and Alaska, of Kluane / Wrangell-St Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek, of which the Tatshenshini is part of British Columbia. The Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks: including the national parks in British Columbia of Kootenay and Yoho, and Mount Robson, Mount Assiniboine and Hamber Provincial Parks.
British Columbia has a good climate, its coastal region is the sunniest of Canada, with moderate temperatures throughout the year. In the inner part of the south, summer is hot and sunny, while winters are cold. The northern interior region has low rainfall, cooler temperatures and moderate snowfall during the winter.
- Area: 944,735 km²
- Population: 4,419,974 (2009)
- Capital: Victoria
- Time zone: UTC-7 e UTC-8