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Alberta: vast grasslands and spectacular mountains

Alberta is a province in Western Canada, located near the Rocky Mountains, which mark the boundary with the province of British Columbia, the territory of Alberta, then bordered to the east by Saskatchewan, to the north with the Northwest Territories, while to the south is bordered by Montana, a state of the United States of America.

Alberta, which is the fourth largest province of Canada, is formed largely by grasslands, but towards the west rise the majestic peaks of the Canadian Rockies that exceed, in many points the 3,000 meters in height. The highest mountain in Alberta, Mount Columbia (3.747 meters) is located in Jasper National Park, at the borders with British Columbia.


Located where the Rocky Mountains meet the prairie, Alberta has a varied and beautiful landscape. Of Canada’s 13 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Alberta claims five: between the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks, a Unesco world heritage site, two are in Alberta: Jasper National Park and Banff National Park; Waterton Glacier International Peace Park; Wood Buffalo National Park; Dinosaur Provincial Park; and Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump.

The Rocky Mountains are the most popular attraction in Alberta, their wild and spectacular scenery attracts visitors from all over the world, while the rest of the province is made ​​up of large grasslands. There are vast areas called badlands with a very dry climate and sparse vegetation, these areas are, however, interesting from the point of view of landscape and paleontology. The climate of Alberta, dry continental, is characterized by cold winters and hot summers.

  • Area: 661,848 km²
  • Population: 3,632,483 (2009)
  • Capital: Edmonton
  • Time zone: UTC-7

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