Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosna i Hercegovina) is a state, which emerged from the dissolution of Yugoslavia. It consists of three regions: The Republika Srpska (Serbian Republic), the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the District of Brčko. The national capital is Sarajevo. The most important tourist places are the city of Mostar and the pilgrimage center of Medjugorje.
The country is situated in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula and is bordered by Montenegro to the southeast, by Serbia to the northeast and by Croatia to the north, south and south-west. To the south the country is washed by the Adriatic Sea. This coast is only 20 km long and the port city is Neum. It is the only access to the sea.
Bosnia and Herzegovina consists mainly of mountains. To the south there are a number of karst plateaux, crossed by rivers like the Neretva, Bosna, Vrbas and Una. The country has a very rugged area to the west with the Dinaric Alps, landlocking the country towards the sea. The highest mountains are located in the far south of the country near the border with Montenegro, while in the east the land slopes down to the Pannonian Plain with the river Sava marking for a long stretch the northern border with Croatia. On the other hand the river Drina marks a part of the eastern border with Serbia.
The central western area of the country is characterized by the Dinaric Alps, whose mountains reach more than 2,000 meters with Mount Ploca 2,238 metres and Mount Vranica 2,107 meters. In the south of the country near the border with Montenegro is the highest mountain of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Mount Maglic with 2,386 meters.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is essentially an agricultural country with the growing of cereals and fruits. Cattle breeding, forestry and mining for copper and iron ore, coal and bauxite are further economic activities.
English text correction by Dietrich Köster.
- Area: 51,197 sq km
- Population: 3,981,000: 48% Bosnians, Serbs 37%, Croats 14%
- National Capital: Sarajevo
- Official Languages: Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian
- Religion: Muslims 40%, Orthodox Christians 31%, Catholics 15%.
- Currency: Convertible Mark (BAM)
- Time Zone: Central European Time UTC+1, Summer Daylight Saving Time UTC+2.