Mostar (130,000 inhabitans), is the largest and most important city of Herzegovina, is situated along the Neretva River and its name comes from the beautiful bridge (Stari Most) built by the Ottoman Turks in the sixteenth century over the river that crosses. The city was founded by the Ottomans in the fifteenth century and became the administrative center of Turkish Herzegovina. The town was fortified in the sixteenth century and in 1566 was built the stone bridge which is the symbol of the city, it replaced an old wooden bridge. The Ottoman Empire ruled Mostar and its region until 1878 when the city came under the control of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
The Ottoman bridge (Stari Most) is the main tourist attraction of the city, it was destroyed during the Bosnian war in 1993, but was fortunately rebuilt in 2004 thanks to UNESCO. The entire old town of Mostar since 2005 is part of the UNESCO World Heritage monuments. Mostar is the most important tourist destination in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The historic center of Mostar called Stari Grad (Old Town) extends around the old Ottoman bridge and the river Neretva, it reflects the different ethnic and religious groups that make up the population that lives in the city, there are ancient palaces, mosques, Catholic and Orthodox churches, but the Ottoman imprint pervades the entire old city, this peculiarity has made that Mostar become in recent years one of the most important tourist destinations of Bosnia and Herzegovina.